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Full text of "cubarew"



/( i,. cy 






TEOPIfl 






, 



CTHXOCA03KEHIJL 



COUHHEHIB 



A.lEKCTifl KyBAPEBA. 







B% THnorPA«IH HHKOAAH CTEHAHOBA. 

1837. 



nBMiT*.Tb nOJBOJJBTCH 



cb rakKi, umofor no omneyamanin npeAcmaBJemi 6mjh b* 
L^eHcypBbiu KoMHmerm, mpu siueMn.iflpa. Mockb.i. lio.m 25 
AHA, 1856 ro^a. 

U,eHcopi A. EoAdbtpeet. 



Hi 



l ! 



1\J 



.IgnApiiAJibH. 

PyfiCKArO CTHXOC^OJKEHIfl. 



BCI7S1ESIE. 

H3BtcmH0, »nno 6e3CMepniHMH JIoMOHocoBb nepBkiii 
oiiikpmatj, h.ih yraBep^H-i-b y Haci> HCrnHHiiyw, m. e. 
moHHiecKyio BepcH*HKaa.iio , Btpoamno 3aMtHeHHyio 
HMT> BT> HapO^HWXT> ntCHHXT> (l), /\awb o^Hauoacb eit 
coBepmemio nyayyio, in. e. TpeKO-iCainHHCKyio meopiio. 
B'b aino 3a6.TyHt^enie bbcjih ero Htamw, ociioBaBiuie 
na cen meopiH cbok> MeinpHKy. Bnpo'je.\rb, KaKT> jerno 
Mor.io amo cjiyvmnbcs, CKa3ano dy^em-b bt> nocxivi- 
cmBiH. H mam mm 6mjih yBtpeHM, irao HMteMi. Me- 
mpHKy ^peBHioK). Eme Tpe^bnsoBCKiii nepeJiO/KHAij bt> 
reK3aMempM TcieMaica , a coHHiiHmeJb EBreoHHma 
nepe^a-ii HaMT> h bce no<nnn .mpHHecKie, ropam'ewb 
ynompe6jeiiHbie pa3Mipbi. A no ce.\iy bo Bctxi> nowim 
yuefiiiMX-b KHHraxii roBopeno 6mao o bcext> cmxt. 
Mempax-b, Kant CBOHcmBeinihix-b acuity nauioiy. Te- 
nepb cnpocHm-b: Kawnn. 5Ke o6pa30MT> moimh mm na- 
camb npaBH-ibiiue cmHXH , hm eh .io<Kiiyio meopiio? 
OmBtiaeM'b: CmnxoinBopi;i»i iiaiiw nuca.m cttihxh, co- 
bcemi lie ^y.Man o meopw, Koniopyio cnoKoiiiio ocma- 



bjumh bt> KHHrax* h oiyma-iacb (typioro, ecmecniBOM'b 
iBHyineHHaro maKma, hh mslao He 3a6omacb o moMii, 



\tucmu A& hxtj ak6w a xopea. Eiqe caMi> jIomohocobt> 
bt> aepBMXii cbohxt> oauniaxib omcmynHJica onn> ceS 
meopia , m. e. coBcisrh He co6-uoAaju> ea. H 
Bmo o^HaKoatB 6mao Bec&Ma ciacnuaBO fljia aaineH 
BepcH*HKaqiH; h6o KaKax-b 6m aoahcho 6mjio OHtHAaiiib 
HeBuro4HBrrb CAt^cnreifi, ecAn6% cjiymanaca npaBBui, 
He CBOHcmBeHHMX'b K3UKJ Haaiesiy. Bcaaia, 3aM*iaa 
HenpaBHJttHocnib cmaxoB'b Hauntx* no rocno^cmByio- 
nfea meopia, coiMacamca, nmo a roBopio npaB^y. H6o 
ecaa 6m ciymaaacb meopia, He naca-ia 6m nenpa- 
BHABHwx-b cmaxoB-b (cm. npBMtpt, Komopbia cefi iacb 
6y4erti , b npaBefleab); ecuracb nacaaa HenpaBa^bHhie 
cmaxa, mo 3HaHHnn>, nmo BBe^eHHaa meopia 6hiAa 
Cb aaaiea BepcH*HKanieii lie coEMtcmHa. A nomoMy 
BMBcmo moro, <nno6u cor-iaaiamb meopiio ct> npaKnrn- 
koh, cit^oBaao 6m nepByro coBepmeaHo 6pocamb. 
BnpoHeMT> maKb a uocmyna.ia no^ma nama cmaxo- 
niBopaM. Hmo Kacaemca 40 npoHaxi, mo B3Btcmno, 
mo mm meopia cmaxomBopcmBa yiasica bt> aimcm- 
Bt. Kmo B-b amoM-b Boapacm* He Btpami. ymmejuo, 
•imo cmaxii: no CMhdaM* AnaKpeoHa, ecmb xopeareCKui, 
a 'irao no ceny aa^o cuaHAOBamb ero a 03Ha,ianib 
cmHxoniBopHMMa 3aaKaMa maKusn. o6pa3o>n>: 

IIo cjt I Aan-b 4 1 aaKpe | OHa. 

a He cocmaBJiciuibm B3-b Aaanecma a ITeona, n kohio- 
pu« c^bAOBame-ibHO Aoawno pa34t»amb maKHM-b 
o6pa3o»i>: 

no cj*,v»n. J AuaKpeo J 11a. 



t 



wan Harb xopeeBi) h mtppHxieBi.: 

IIo cjb J ^aM* A j MKpe j oaa. 

$aate h ht> sptjoM'b B03pacnrii He Bet o6paiqaioim. 
Ha amo BHHMame. Onn> Hero jkt» maKan cmpaHHOcmi., 
*nno oahht. h monn> ate chihxt>, He nepeMtiiHK CBoen 
HamypM, MOJKeim. /jonycKamb mpa pa3^tjeHia, h3tj 
Komopi>ixT>, no npHHrnnbuvrb npaBjua.wb, hh o^noro ne 
AMH ocnopmnb? .MojKerai> xa HeaoBtini, anaiomui My3M- 
Ky, He cn-tanacs., Kor^a noKaaaBi eiay ps#b maKmoBi: 

III Hill I ii 

6yflynn» ymBepatAanib, imo amonrb pfl^b bi> moHse 
BpeMH moHc^ecmBeHTj CAt^yioi^eMy: 



XXZ\XXXX\X 

nepB&ift p/r^* co^ep/KHim. Bt ce6fc f , Bmopofi A ci. ^. 
TanoBa caaa cmorrb ^peBHax-b, nam. yBH^urb HHaie.. 
H Kmo H3yiajb apeBinoio Mempmcy, momi HHitorja 
He Haifaem* bt> Hefl maicoro nponuiBoptiijr. fioju-m 
hih KpamKiH cior-b H3Btcmnaro ciOBa Bb o^homtj 
pa3MtpB ocmaBajicH maKHMT> me, Kor^a nepeiiocHMT> 
6uxb h B-b apyroM. Ka3ajocb, raio maKHXT> necooopa3- 
HOcmeH ^ocmamoHHo 6m 6hjo kt> moMy, hhio6m no- 
Ka3amb, ckojjj He CBOHcmBemia nasn nprniamaH meopur. 
Ho 9mo.My-mo, kt> y^HB.ieHiro, imKam. He xomt.iH 

BtpHinb, XOTnH H BH,VE.1H BCB CIH nponTHBOp-EUijI. A 

nomoMy o6hkhobchho cmapa.uicb pa3p-fcniHnn> hxi 
cnpaBFtaMH ct> ApeBiiero cncrneMoio, onn.HCEHBaH bt> ueii 
KaKHx-b na6y^b HcnpaBiubiiocmeft B-b H3BHiienie lienpa- 



BH-ibHocmefi BepcH*HKai^iH Hamefi, h HteomopHe, cyaa 
o flpeBHefi BepCH*HKaipH no Hamefi, npH ycwajccb o(n»H-~ 
CHHmb o^ny flpyroio, Bna.iH bi> npeBpannrtinnifi mhbhui 
o ApeBHHxi). Bnpo^eMi. He MHorie hiojiiko roBopsuH o 
cesn> npe^Memt; (SojiMuaH nacmb 3aHHMaiomHXCii jram- 
mepamypoio ocmaBJUMH cuo Hayxy, Kain> He 3aR.uo- 
lawmjio oco6eHHofi BaatHocnni, cobcbmt. 6e3i> bhh- 

MaHlLS. IIpH3HaK)CB, TOIO O CeMT> TOBOpiO H HO CO(S- 

cniBeHHOMy onwiny. ft ca»rb qoxco He oopaiuaAii bhh- 
Mania Ha meopiio Hamero cmnxoniBopcniBa , KaKi. 
o^HHb cjiyiaii BHBeJUj MeHH h3t> cero pasHO/iyiuiH kti 
HayKt, ecm He BawHou ^jih JHOAeH, nocBjnnaiomHX'b 
ce6x B03BUiueHiituuiHM'b aamnniaMT), mo BaauioH, no 
KpaHHeii Mtpt, fljix roHouien, H3yiaK)iuHX'h H3j>iK'b cboh, 
KomopMMT> npn H3yfeHin OHaro npaBHAbnaa meopi« 
neofixo^MMte h no-ie3Hte, He.Ke.iH Kairc> ooMKHOBemio 
o ccmt. ^y.waionrb. 3aiiH>taflc& meopieio flpeBHeii Bepcn- 
*HKanin, h pacKpwjii coiHHenie Boccia de poematum 
cantu et viribus rythmi. Il3BtcmH0, tmo cie co i MHeirie, 
no BsrJia^y aBmopa na BepcH*HKauiio ApeBHHx-b co 
cmopoHU My3UKa^i>H0M , ecmB flo chxt> nop-b B"b 
CBoeMij po^t e^HHcniBeHHoe h o^ho h3t> npeBo- 
cxoaHEHumx-b no H3ci-EaoBaHijnrb o cyuutocniH My- 
3ukh apeBHHX'b; nprnnoMTj HanncaHHoe c-b imaKOH 
yieHocmiio, ocmpoyMieyni, acnocmiio h o^ymeBjenieMb, 
■nno HHmame^B hcbojbho mrh yBjeKaemca aaace maMt, 
iVVfc aBmop'b, no BH^HMosiy) npe^cmaBjaeni'b co*h3mm; 
o^hhmt, cjobomtj, co«nnieHiej Komopoe qmnaenie He ct> 
6o,ibiueio hoju>30k>, nam. h liaciajK^euieMt. OHO-mo 
oopaniBAo jaena na Hainy MempHKy. ynpeKi, ^t-iaeMbifi 
Bocciem> rocno^cniBOBaBmeg BepcH*HKania B-b ero 
Bpeitfl, ue na^aem-b ah h Ha nauiy? Bmonrb Bonpocb 
6u.it> no6yAHmejbnoH) npHrauoio npe^.iaraeMwxii mhojo 



T 



H3CAt^oBaHifi. yBJe^eHHwfi 3HaMeHHmMM'b aBmopoMt, a 
bt> nepBOMi) nopuB* xonrfcai. nepesecniH' Bee ero co- 
iHHeHie; ho 3Haa, toio oho Hafiflenn. HeMHorarb mh- 
mam&aeH, h noMrEcnnM'b oahht. H3a> Hero, h npH3Ha- 
h)cb, He JiynniH ompHBOK-b bt> N ' 9 AmeaeH 1828 
ro^a cb 3aMt<iaHiflMH, 3aKjH>iaiouJ[HMH moh HSCJifcAOBa- 
uix, h nomoM-b, pesy^wnanrb ohmxtj, meopiio Htnife 
rocno^cmByjoinea BepcH^HKania, no#b Ha3BameMT>: Pa3- 
cyxfleme o maKmaxi, ynorape6^Hesiwxi» bt> PyccKOM-b 
cmaxoaioTKeHiH, bt> 4-fi nacniH MocKOBCKaro BtcmHH- 
Ka 1829 r., Komopbia menepb ct> HtKomopHMH nepe- 
wrtHaMH h ^ono jHemaMH h npea-iaraio om^-tdbHoio khhjk- 
kok) Ha cy^-b 6.iarocK-ioHHOMy qmnameAio. Ho, npe^- 
JiaraH HOByw meopiio, a Ao-MKeffb £0Ka3amb iieupaBHJib- 
HOcniL npejKHeii. TIpeattHHH HMt Ja ocHOBaHiesTb MempnKy 
TpeiecKyio h PHMCKyio, a nocesiy h aoajkho npe/K^e 
Bcero 6pocHmb Barjisxb Ha cito nocat^nioio, *jmo6M 
nomoMT» cyflmn*, CBoiicmBeHHa xa oHa H3HKy nauie- 
iay. 

HaMtpeBaHCb roBopamb o ce.\n> npe^Memt, a HMtro 
bt> BH^y moJiBKo mtx* vHraamejeii^Koniopbie ne 3HaitoMM 

HH CT» rpe^eCKHMT), HH Cb JIamHHCKHM'b H3MK0MT>: 

intake mpy^i> moh 6uun> 6m H3JumiHHM'b. Ho h p,Jis. cnx-b 
HHianmejieH a CKaacy lie 6oJite, neate.iH cKo^bKo nyasuo 
KT> mo.uy, <nnoow noKa3arab Bee pa3.iH i iie AoeBueR a 
Hauieij wempHKH, 

OCBOBAHXA rPEKO-AATKBCKoSt KETFHKH. 

TpeiecKiH h ^larnHHCKift h3mkt> coxpanajii Bb cioBaxu, 
KpoMt y^apeHJH, euje ocooeiinoe cbohciiibo iipomaweuis 



8 

H3BtcmHMXb cjioroBii, Komopoe cihoab ohuhhho omit 
odwKHOBeHHaro jj\«pema } imo qacmo bt> o^homt. h 
mojn> we cjQBt y^apeme h 3Hairb floararo c»ora 
Haxo^amcH cobcbhi Ha pa3HMXT> M-Ecmaxb. nocuniy 
Hanit a3uei> He HMtenrb cero cBOHcnraa, mo Hasn> 
BecBMa mpy^Ho offrbacHHinb ero (2). H mara B-b 
cocmaBAeHra cmom> He y^apeHia npHHHHaJHCB *bt» 
ocHOBaHie, a ^ojiroma h KpamKOcmb c.ioroBi>- Kpam- 
qaHuiaa Mtpa ciora 03Ha>iaemcH y rpaMManrnKOB-b 
mam: « , h Ha3UBaemca o^HOBpeMeiiHoio; aoJUKafiuiaa 
maKT>: — , h Ha3MBaemca /myBpeMeHHoio; h maK-b flBi 
ttparnKKXT) ( o o ) paBHH o^hou ^o^roii ( — ). Bonn. 
3-ieMeHinM, CJiyxiaujie ocHOBaHiewb ^peBHeS npoco^in. 
ynoinpe6H.vn> hoiokt. 6o.vfce noHanrawM , yc.iOBHMca 
03Haiamb cin ^b* Mtpw HomaMH. IIpHMeM'b c-b Boc- 
cieMt, imo aojuraa paBHa o/moft 6bJiovi, hjih f, mor- 
Aa Kpanrcaa 6yAeim> = j. Ec,ih amo npeano-ioatenie 
cnpaBe4-iHBO, mo oho ^ojukho odTjacHHnibca aBJieHiavm. 
Bo3MeM"b p,jiK cero Hanp. reK3aMempT>: r-iaBHaa cmona 
ero, cocmoaiuaa iwb ( — u o ) bt> nomax-b 6y^enn> 
= t i i> H ntaKi> cmona cia 6yAenrb = f , h.ih, yno- 
mpefiHBT. cmaxomBopHHe anaisH, paBHa ^Bywi aoj- 

thm* ( ). Omenta noHanmo amo emporoe h He- 

HapymaeMoe npeAnacauie bt> reKsaMempfc BMtcmo a&k- 
nrajia ynompe6.iamb cnon^eft (3), Hcajuo^aa n0c4*^- 
hk>k> cmony, r^t y;jee a o^hom flo.iroio ftyx% ycnoKO- 
HBaemca, Kaai> OKOHHame.ibHOK) Homoio MyawKajiMioH 
*pa3w, Komopog, aaKb H3BtcmHO, npo^o.iweHie npo- 
H3B04bHo; a nomoMy B-h nocAt^ncii cmont nosBoaein. 
6bMii ue mo.ibKo cno^Heii, ho h xopeii. ynompeo.iamb 
ate bt. npoiHx-b cmonax-b xopefi omuioAb ue no3Bo.ia- 
jocs; h6o xopefi, 6yayHH paBeHT> £, He Moajenrb 3a- 
Mtcrroimh |, h ynompe6aB'b ero, ^ojikho 6a 6huio 



9 

c^tuaniB nay3y, ho cero He Bcmptiaemca. IIoBniopHsn. 
eme, HHto maKoe onjHoineme CAoroB-b oimaoAb He 6a- 
40 ycAOBHMMi. hah npoH3Bo^i>HMMT>: KBHHniHJiiaHT. ro- 
BopHm-b, >nno amo H3B±cmH0 6buio aajKe h ^tmiorb. 
(Longam (syllabam) esse duorum temporum, brevem 
unius etiam pueri scinnt). 

H maKii TpeKH h Phmahhc hmIUh bt> aatiKt CBoesn. 
2 Homu. Ho imo6ii cocmaBHmb chihxt>, aoajkho 6u- 
jio HMtmB noBjnnie o maiont; aah cero Heofixo^HMo 
Ha^eacaAo npHStrHyntt K"b My3MKt, h6o CAOBa npefl- 
cmaBAHAH moABKO BeujecmBeHHyio cmopoHy Bepcn^H- 
Kanfc; ^yxoBHOH Ha^-ieataJio HCKamt bt> pHnraoct. Ho 
Kasoe no3iiaHie My3MKH BHyuuuo noaamie pHnmoca 
Tosiepy h Tesio^y? He-yace-AH 6ypfiWb Btpiraib ly^ec- 
HBiMTb Op*eHM-b h JiHHycaM'b? HecnpaBe#iHBo 6mao 
6hi npe/jnojiaranib, mo iay3HKa, KaKT> mm menepb 
noHH-MaeMii cie HCKyccraBO, 6uAa ycoBepuieHcniBOBaHa 
bo BpeMeHa cmoAb rAy6oKofi ApeBHocnra. HanponniB'b 
mh ocHOBamejBHO M05KeMT> ^yiiamh, imo muK-h, KaKT> 
npe^Meni-b MempHKH, CHaiaaa HJrtA-b B.iiaiiie h Ha *iy- 
3MKy Hapoaa. PHnraoCb HapoaHbixi. iitcem. AOAHceirb 
6bvvh momHac-b coo6pa3onamBCff, CMompa no CBOMcm- 
By H3WKa, hah ct> KOJiHiecmBOMii cAoroBi., hah ct> 
yaapeHicvb, h.ih 6biniB coBepmeHHO ycjoBHWMT.. * Ta- 
Koe Haia.io 6e3% comjtehui 6w.io BaiKHo, imoow bt> 
nocilycniBiH Aamb H3Blicm]iwii xapaKiuep-b h Jiaiipa- 
BAeHie caMoii My3HK'fe. FpeKH, hm£ji ab^ Horaw bt> 
aawKt cbocmtj, mom'iacb hstj paiHoo6pa3Hoii nepecma- 

HOBKH 0111,1X13 A0A/KUM 6bIJH UOAyMHITlb H MHOrOOOpa3- 

khh pHnwocb. II maifb, imoow HaiimH MysbiKy ApeB- 
uhxtj cfflHXomBopeiiiH , aoahuio moAbKO, coe^HHHBT* 

* Cm. Pycco Dictionoaire 3e Musique no,vi> cj. Rhylhme. 



iO 

p«#b H3B*cniHMXTi cmoro., yaapHinb. Mtpy, coo6paaHO 
aHsneHuo Kaacflofl Hombi. Tor^a onrnpoemcH caja 
pHHMoca, xapaKmep-b Kaas^ofi cmonu, a catflcniBeHHo 
h ity3MKa. H6o ayxoBHaH cmopoHa ohoh 3aRJiio?aeincH 
HMeHHO bt. pamsioct. TaK-b Hanp. otio6m HaftniH xa- 
paKmepo. Ba^bca, 9Koce3a h np. flOJUKHO mojibKO jh^h- 
mH hxt. pamMOCb h flBHJfceHie; h6o 3ByKH caMH no 
ce6t Morym-b dumb flo desKOHcmocniH pa3Hoo6pa3HM. 
Tenepb noHanmo, no neMy flpeBHie noanibi maKi sraoro 
npHMtaemH, bt> cbohxt> nreopeHiflX'b, flt-iaionrb ki» My- 
3UKt; noHjnnHbi caoBa KBHrnniiJiiaiia, Komopwii fobo- 
pirarb, irao rpaMMammty, HmoSbi 6i>imb bt> cocmoHHin 
ynrnnb Bepcira-HKank, flo.iauio 3iiamb My3HKy. BripoiesTb 
o cewcb He flOAauio ^yjianib cahuikomt. npeyBCMieHHo. 
Bea-b comhehui, My3MKaAbHMXT> no3Haiiiii mpeo'oBa.iocb 
He 6o.iie, HesKe^H cKOJibEO 6mjio Hyaaio kt> ypa3yjit- 
Hiio BCtXb mor/ja ynompe6Hme.iBHbix , b maKriioBT> h 
CBOHCnrea pmnMOca, bt> H3B , fecmHMX'b cmHXoiHBopemHX'b. 
fl ^yMaH), nrao h Haurb rpaMMannurb bt> anion. At.i-fc 
He ^oj5KeHT> 6wnib coBct.\rb npo^anowb. 

Ho bt> ceMT> o6o3ptHin masmoBi h.ih cmoai. ApeB- 
HHXb Bcmpt'iaromcH ppi ocooeHHOcmH, BecbMa npusrfe- 
HameJiMiMH, eoiH aonycniHM'b (>imo BnpoHe>n> bcLmh 
npHHHmo), toio cmonw cmnxomBopHMH h My3bma.ib- 
uufl y 4peBHHXT> 04110 h moate. IlMemio: 1) Mti na- 
xo^Hvn. raaKrnbi, uwfiioiHJe bt> MHC.mme.it 5 (nanp. 

« ) h 7 ( nanp. w ) 4-6.10 aab. siy3HKaHma 

uaiuero BpeMeiw HenoumnHoe {k)l 2) TanniM H^yim. 
He mo.ibKo om-b apcaca kt. meancy (nanp. — o ); ho 
h onrb me.mca kt. apcHcy ( nanp. « — ). Mojkho xu 
Aonycumntb uo^oohmh xo,yb maKmoBT. bt> nameii >iy- 
3MK-B, nycnib ptuianrb juoah, CBt^yiuie B'i> ce.vn. hckjc- 
CHlBt. HO 3AtCb BH^UO, CKO.lb OHUHHHM nonnmifl ApeB- 



ii 

hhxii o maKnrfc My3MK£UbHOMT>! (5) Ho maitix noHfl- 
mia HMtJH CBoe Hanaao 6e3T» comhehui bt> nrtcHOM* 
coeflHHeHin hxt. My3MKH ct> BepcH*Huaipeio. CAfc*aew» 
maEoean, npe^nojoHteme Kacame.ii.HO HOBtmiieii **y- 
3BIEH (6). /Jonyciraun. Ha MHHymy, *tmo pHnmoc* fla- 
po^nhixb irbceHi. cHai&aa cooopa30Ba.iCH c* awteH- 
raosrb, rocno^cniByiomHsn. bt> HaHE* (h6o ecjHfi* pmn- 
Mocb 6bWb noHHMaein. om^tAhHo onrb jmiKa, mo. b* 
cesn. oraHomeHin Meatfly Hauxeio h apeBHero My3M R0I ° 
He omao 6m moro pa3.iH<iifl, o kocmi. H'e^aBiio ynoMH- 
Hymo); mor^a 6e3"b comhehih bt> pmnMoct HOBtfiuieH 
My3BiKH 6yflein> HCKamB npaBiwb HOBtHineii Bepca*H- 
Kauia, 6yae h3mkt> cnocoSeHb kb npHHjnniio My3H- 
Ea^LHaro pmnMoca. He ^ojukho ^yManiB, imofiu amo 
omHocHAOcb mojbKo K-b H3HKy o6pa6omaHHOMy h ho 
no-uieHHOMy H3HiHHbncb niHmHiecKHX'b npoHJoe^euiH. 
/^aate aiOBa iy/Kflaro H3biua npoH3Hocflmcfl a aKHeH- 
myioincH coo6pa3HO Hamyp-fe aKneHmoBT. CBoero H3HKa, 
KaKT> Hanp. bi> ntcitH stabat mater, fl yjfie bi> iia'iarfc 
coHHHeniH yaoyumyxb o My3MKajii>H0M'b xapaitmep* 
HamHXii napo^Hbix'b irtcein.. H mairb, uaKb 6i>i mo 
hh 6bMo , My3wita xa HMtenn> B.iiHHie Ha BepcH#HKa- 

HIK), H.1H BepCH<E>HKaififl Ha My3MKy, HO CBJI3b hxt> 

cmo^b mtcna, imo He jib3H, rosopa o Bepcn*HKaHiH 
HOBtimieH, He npHiimnb bi yBa/KeHie maitmoB'b hobM- 
meii ace My3HKH (7). HinnameAb 6e3i> courtniH yra- 
^biBaemii, nmo Moe HaMtpenie ecmb mo, imo6w H3- 
rnamb coBepmeinto h3t> nauieH BepcH*HKaum ,ipeBni« 
cmonu h npamunb 3a ocuoBanie maKmbi, Katn> ohh 
npHHHMaiomca bt> My3biKt HOB-Biuueii. Iloc-ifc^cniBie 
noKa/Kemij, cnpaBe4.iHB0 jm sioe npe^no.ioiKeiiie. Ho 
A-ih cero npeat^e h ^o-i-Keii-b fl0Ka3ann>, imo bt> 
HameMi. H3HKt flo-irax* raacHMXT. Htnn> « Jfmo 



12 
no ceity ApeBHiH cmonu Hawb BOBce He CBOHcmBeH- 

A0KA3ATHJttCTB.A. BBC9?X(ECTB0BAaXa M% BAXOBara 
K3KER& AO-UraCZX CAOrOB*. 

Gih 40sa3ame^BcmBa cnmib oieBH/\HU, qmo h «e 
3Haio, Kant mohcho flo chxt. nopb raaKi> ynopHO 3a- 
iipnuBim» 3ao6hniHoe snrtHie KacamcibHo ^ojironibi 

C-lOrOBT. Vb H3bIRB HauieMij. 

1 ) CaoBo: «Heo6xo^HMaa» bt> HM6HiecKOM'b cnraxfc 
noaymirrb raasoe pa3^-feaeHie: Heo6 | xo^h | Majr; ho B-b 

flaKniHJiHHecKOMij maKoe: Heofixo^HMaa *. CnpauiH- 
BaemcH, KaKHM-b o6pa30Mij floarie ciora HMfiniecKaro 
pa34tJieHiH bt> ceMT> hobomt. pa3#kieHia CA-fc.ia.iHCb 
KpamKHMH h o6pamHO? He ohcbh^ho jih, mio c.ionT 
paBHM, Kor^a bt> o^ho BpeMH Morynn> 6i.mib h ^ojth- 
mh h KpamKHMH? Y 4peBiiHX , b HH<iero no^ooiiaro ceMy 
fffcnrb, H-ra ec.in h liaxo^Hmca o6oK>AHOcnib 3HaKOBT>, 
mo bt. cmo^B we HeMHonrxb cioBaxij, bt> cko.ib ne 
MHonro> y Hac-b oSoio^HOCmb y^apeniff, Hanp. fla.ieKO, 
h ^ajeKo h np., Meatyjy mtMi>, Kani maKan cnrnxom- 
Bopnax B03Moaaiocmb flaBamb h yHHimo/Kamb y^ape- 
Hin pacnpocraHpaemcH y iiacb Ha Bet caoBa H3WKa 

6e3T> HCK-MOienia. 

2.) Ecih 40-irifi CAorb (KaKT» y ^peBHnxi) paBem. 
flBya-b KpamKH>rb, mo ^Ba KpamKHXi. mom 6m 3aMt- 
lranib o,\iiirb ^o.u'iH h o6pamno. TaKHM-b o6pa30M-b 
xopefi uanp. (— u ) 6u.vb 6m 3aMtime.\n> mpeMfl, a 

* Cpa»n»nie maKxe cmHxx: no candaMt AnaKpeona Ha cmp. 4, 
fcomopui «* oaiio «pcMM AOnycKaetm 5 paJA*-"Hui. 



13 

He AByMH KpamKHMH , itaKb roBopHim> nHcamcra 
o cnraxocioateHiH. A no ceiay bt» mo Bpejm , EaKi> j 
B* o^hoh cmont Haxo^amcH /(Ba caora, bt> APT? * \ 
6hu.o 6a hxt> mpH. flB^eHie y /jpeBHHXT» BechMa o6h- j 
EHOBeHHoe h na caMOM* pa3ysrB ocHOBaHHoe. Ho y' 
Haci. cero c^t.iann> He bo3mohcho, ergo. . • ocmasjima \ 
inmamewno BHBecnib H3i» cero Hafljieatamee 3aK.aioie- 
Hie, HMeHHO, ecjiH ^Ba caora, ftojirm ct> KpamKHMTi 
paBHti ABysiTi KpaniKHM'b, mo He yjue jh h hocji* cero 
6y4eMi. roBopmnb, htbo floariH cion> He paBeara. Kpam- 

KOMy? 

3) Bonn> enje 40Ka3ame;u>cniBO ajih 3HaK>mHXT> cboh- 
cmBO KOAHiecnmeKHoii npoco^in e^Ba xa ne y6tAH- 
meju>Htmnee h npe^tHflymax*, 40Ka3ameaBcmBo, B3H- 
* moe onn> CBOHcmaa Hamero npoH3HOiHeiuH raacHMJCb, 
no KoeMy mm, coBepmeHno npomyBono-iojKHo #peB- 
HHMh , coKpamae.Mi> cjorn, Hamypoio Ha3HaieHHT>ie 

6HmB flOATHMH, H maKHMTi o6pa30Ml> HpHBOflHM'b HX1> BT> 

o^ny Mtpy Gb npoiHMH. Bo3Mesn. cnraxT.: 

Mfcicabio 6po [ fffufh OHt bi mh I HyBiueMi, | rp03H0 
B^a I .ih nepe/vt | B3opoMt. 

03HaHHBl. CJOITI, KaKT> o6l>IKHOBeHHO hxt. 03HanaionTb, 

m. e. ^o-THMH h KpamKHMH 3HaKasin, mm BH^Mt, imo 

BT> 1-MT> maKHlt 2-H C.IOITj htO B* ClOBt MUCJtnO 

ecntB Kpannufi; o/uiaKoarb oht. 3aKjuoiaenn> B-b ceot 
nojiyraacHyio s h raacnyio w, cat,/\. ecui He B^Boe, 
mo no EpaMHefi Mtpt bt. no jmopa 6o-ite upocmofi r.iac- 

HOH BT> 06MKH0BeHH0M'b HpOH3HOUieniH; Cltfl. 6e3T> 
BCHKarO COMHBHiH y ApeBHHXTj 6hLiTb 6u npuHHnrb, 
I Kam> hxi. /(BoerjacHaH. H oAHaKOK-b Mcat^y nrfeMt, 

KaKi. HEHtHoe hxt> yxo coo6iuH40 6w ceii flBoer-jacHO 



t 



14 

B^Boe (JoJiMiiee npomaateHie, y Hac* oHa pasua npo- 
cmofi raacHofi! fi&xbe, bo BmopoM-b maKnrs k% cjiont 
oh* rJiacHaa o, h u bt. ciob£ MiayjraueM* cymb Kpam- 
kihj oflHaKo»B npHMHrae bt> yBaajeme, «no s^at^y 
chmh rAacHMMH HaxoflHtncH 3 coraacHMXb », a, m, m. 
e. OHBAtu; npHMHme b* yBaJKeHie, vtno KajK^sm H3i> 
chxb corjacHHXi, 6mbii BwroBapHBaeMa hcho, mpe- 
6yenn> 3a co6oii, xoma BectMa Maaofi, ocmaHOBKH; 
*nno BfaKi> hh usuua 6y^ynrb cia ocmaHOBKH, oflHaKOJKB 
bt> npoH3HoinemH 3-xt> corjiacHbix-b Henocpe^cmBeHHO 
o^hoh aa ^pyroio, onraeceme jut hxt. ki> npe^H^y- 
lueii TAacHOH o (ohbm), hih kt> nocitAyiomeH u (hbmh), 
cm, roBopio, ocmaiiOBKH cocmaBHnrb BnyCpoe 66.ibuioe 
npoiHHJKeiiie, HeacciH coe^HHeHie o/raofi coiMacHoii ct> 
rJiacHow. IIpH BceMii mourb h ma h ApyraH H3t» rjiac- 
hmxt> (o h u) y iiacii npoH3iiocHmcK KpamKO, no^o6- 
nuMT. npo<niMT>, raaK-b imo 3 coiviaciiMXTi: hsm y Haci» 
noiHraaromcH paBHMMH o^hoh. Ceoju>ko 6m cmpaHHO 
3itio 6hiAO 4ak cayxa /npeBHHXT>, y Koraopux'b ^a5Ke 
cineueme AByxi> cor.iacHMxt flt.ia.io npeflMiflymyK) 
r.iacHyio aojitojo. He aa& moro a HanoMHHaio cie imo- 
6m niHnnib Ha He^oopoxomcniBO kt> Ha>n> npHpoflM, 
Komopafl ciJio.iB rpy6o ycmpoHja ciyxt h hsmkij 
uaun>, h6o hdio flano npupo^oio, mo 6e3"bycAOBHo 
a,oatkuo csmnauib xopouiH\n>; maitace h He ^.w moro, 
'imo6M B03BMCinnb apeBiuixb, KomopMe BnpoqeM-L bt> 
HEKomopMX'b JHrnmepamypiiMX-h 3ac^yraxi> npeBocxo- 
AJnm. HOBtfirnHXii. Htnrb, a,a& mchh meuepb amo a^ao 
nocmopoiuiee; ho Ajm moro, i raio6M acute noKa3amb, 
cico-Ab 4peBHiw BepcH*HKania (KOJHHecmBeHnaH) y^a- 
jena onrb HOBtHuieii. 

4). HtKomopwe ymBep;K4aK>nrb, nmo y^apenie csmo 
no ce6t HMfcerm, ciuy ^B4amb cioi-b ^oathmtj. Ho 



15 

3#fccb npe/jaesKHnni Bonpoc*, KaKoro po/ja mm HMteM-b 
yflapeme, /ipyTHMH caoBajra, HMtenrb aa Hanie y^ape- 
Hie my ciuy, Komopyro bt» HeMi. npe^nojiaraionni? 
PtumMi. B"b cuiax't: 

116 cxb | a^mi A j aaKpe | oHa. 

bo 2-h h k-& cmoirt y^apeHiH cymb noA-iHHHbur, bt> 
1-h h 5-h oirfe cymb mo, nrao y TpaMManrnKOBTj sa- 
3MBaemca ictus, hjih y^ap* cnraxomBopHwH. He HyatHo, 
A0Ka3WBamB, >nno ceii ictus paBeirb no^AHHHOMy y^a- 
peHiio, a ca±a. h no^JiuHHoe y^apeHie paBHO cewy, 
cmnxorriBopHOMy. Ho ictus ecnn> y^api. My3MKa.ibHHH, 
AtAaeMwfi bt> apcHclj, h KomopwM'b o6wKHOBeHHO na- 
HHHaemcH bchiuh maKim> bt> My3UKt. Ho imo maKoe 
My3hiKaai.Hoe yaapeme? Maxj. pyKH, ynompe6.uieMbiH 
4.1H pa3^tjeHiflt maKma He H3BtcmHhiH paBHMH iacmH, 
ycJOBHO 3^tcb npHHHMaeMMH 3a e^HHHuy, h KomopwH 

Bl» My3MKaJiHOMT> pa3Mtpt o6bIKHOBeHHO o3HaiaiomcH 

Apo6&w, Hanp. f, § h np. Koeii HHdHme.tb uoKa3M- 
Baem-b, ckojbko maKHXT> y^apeniii 3aKJUO«iaemcK bt> 
maKnrB, a SHaMeHamejb, . noKa3HBaa npoflo-i/Keme 
OHbixb, yKasHBaennj h Ha paBeHcnroo nacmefi maKma. 
H mast My3biKaAbHoe yaapeme (paBHoe Bb H3mkb 
catfl. ocmposiy) He HMtenn, ch,im #Bjanib nomy 40J- 
roH>; a cjtea. h ocmpoe (8). HaKOHeu.-b, Hrao6w BHfltmb 
amo na onwnrE, ^afime npo^o-UKeHie, B/jBoe 6oJU.mee 
nponiHBT. Heo6i>y^apeHHaro ciora, c-iory no^-b y^ape- 
HieMii h nporanraie maKHMi> o6pa3o>n> HtCKO.ibKO cnra- 
xobt>; bm He npoiBueceine h ^Byx-b, Kain> ciyxT> Bam*b 
noiyBcmByem'b omBpaiuenie omi no/jooHaro mneHix. 

Moacenn. 6bimb h cmuiKOMb pacnpocmpaiiH-icn bt> 
CBOHXb 40Ka3amejbcmBaxT)j o^naKOJKb He ay. Maw, imo, 
no KpaHHea Mtpt fl-ia Htaomopbix-b, npHBeAeno hxt> 



• 16 

flocmamoHHO, qnro6&i 3acnraBHnn> hxt> fipocmn* hm6m, 

y xopea b Apy™ ^y»AMH HHeHS bb Hamefi BepCH*H- 

Kanta. %ro 6"w He nponmBoptnamb ce64, aojukhs ci> 

HHHH UpOClUHlllbCK H ocmaBHinb H3yHaK)IUHMJ> AP eB " 
hhxt>. Tenepb cnpanraBaemcH, KaKHsn. o6pa30Mi> moimh 
mm npHHHmB He CBOHCOTBeHHyio HaMi nieopuo? 9moMy 
aa6AymAeuho bt> HameH BepcH«HKaahi npe^uiecniBOBaAO 
aoanaoe MHBHie o BepcraHKaqiH ApeBHico>. Mw 3Ha-iH, 
nmo da nocAtfiBost witewb 3-ieMemnaMH ^ojiria h 
KpauiKia hohoi. Ct> nomepero Ko.iHiecinBeHHaro npo- 
HMionieHia mm Hmnajut (jaasrh h aocci* MHorie wnia- 
lom-b) ApeBHie cihhxh coo6pa3iio ct> HauraMi cnoco- 
6omti dt-iamb y^apeHiH. Onn. cero ecmecmBeHHo npa 
Aojthxt> cJorax* BMtcrao npomo/KeHiH H3BBcmHaro 
BpeMeHH y^apaJiH, h maKHMi. o6pa30xrb b* fiOAraxb 
bha'Bjh cboh yAapema h ofipanuio b* cbohxi y^ape- 
maxb BH^tjH flo^ria. Ha ceMi-mo ocHOBaHua h boo6- 
paTKa.iH, iino hmbcmt. bt» H3MKB cbocmtj no KpaiiHefi 
Mtpt HtKomopua 4peBHia cmonM. O^Horo mo.ibKo He 
moimh Hafinra cnoH^ea, xodih ajm onrbHCKaHia ero 
lacmo Ha6apajiH nperpoM03ByiHMH oahocjio;khmh cjlo- 

Ba. HO BHA&, HHIO H 3mO J03KHO, ptlUH.lHCb SawtHHim. 

cnoH^eu xopeeMij. 3a6AyatAeHie, KomopoMy njpyAHO 
cucKamB nmo Hn6yAB noAofiHoe *. H maui, npoctnacb 
Cb noinienHMMH xopeavH h a3KHDUHMH, npHCmynJuo 
kt» ocHOBamavb Hainefi BepcH*HKaijiH. Ho npeatAe 
Heo6xoAHMMM-b crmnaio p,Jui cpaBHenia Hainefi Bepca- 
«HKauiH ct» ApeBHeio, onpe^t.iumB KOJHMecmBO cjlo- 

• H6o u xopefi npBBBMUH monnxe A*Knnu&, vh KomopOM* 
WWBO noco-fcAHefi gomu sasHMaenra nayaa, icaK* jbbahmi 
■axe. Kohcmbo c* maitim ycjosiesr* mowho 6mjo ocraa- 
wiiki nrpa ce»r* mb-uuh. Ho smaro yciosis h »* mugim* 
we 6tuo. 



W^^W^ t, ■ — wm 



17 

roBa> B"b jduk* HauieMijj h6o rflt ecntB inaRizrb, maMi 
eciriB noma, a Horaa flojmma HMtmb HSBtcnmoe npo- 
flO-iaceHie. IIo Epafinea nipt, npa cpaBHemH, jdodo- 
HbnnHo 6y^enn> bh^'biiib, KaKHsni ApeBHmrb masinaM'b 
omBtiaioni-b H3Btcnmue Haum. ,/^Boer.iacHwa y ApeB- 
hhxtj ciHmajiHCB aojithmh, h mam h apyria raacHbia 
Ao-iria hmt> paBHHAHCb; y Hao. h nrsHH Htnn. no^ofi- 
hmxtj A BOer - iacHWX ' 1 >> HJlH xoraa h ecraB, KaKt A 0Ka * 
3aHo Ha cmp. 13, ho bt> npoH3HomeHiH oh* He cyiue- 
cmBywm'b; erae Meirte npocmbia rjiacHwa Morynrb 
HwrfcniB cie CBoficmBo; h matt* ciora wb HauieMt H3M- 
k-b Bet cynn. KpamKie. Bmopoe AOKa3amejibcmBo: cuo- 
m 6e3Ti yAapema bc*mh npHHHMaromca 3a KpaniKie, 
ho yate AO Ka3aHO > mhio yaapeme He fttmeim, ciora 
AO-jthm*; h mam cjioiti ct> y^apemeurb, masi> KaKb 
h fies* oHaro, cyntb EpamKH. 

B3% KAKHXT. HA'lAAl AOA»B£X BLITZ. KbXBXSA&BU 

gpawTMA HftTrrr.ro cthxotbopctba. 

y 4peBHHKi> cmona, y Hacb maKim., noHHmiH mo*- 
AecniBeHHbiH; pa3HHua ihojbko bt> Ha3BaHiH onrb moro, 
hjho ohh 6hjh Mtpy Horoio, a mm pyKoio (tactus oim> 
tangere). Bt> cnrnxocioweum maKHihi aoajkhh 6himb 
Bhipaacem.1 cioBaMH. Bchkih Hy3MKajiuihiH maKin-b (no- 
Hamie maKDia paBHo bt> My3MK-fc h BepcH^HKanin) na- 
iHHaemcH y^apeHieM-b (Komopoe vb phomhk* na3bi- 
Baeraca rjiaBHMMi). Bchkih cnraxorrrBopHbrii manm-h 
40-iJKeH'b mawKe HaiHHambca y^apeHiesrb. H man-b 
Bcasoe He o^nocaoacnoe caobo, HMtromee o^mrb h-m 
HtcKo.ibKO c-ioroB-b nod* y^apeHia, M0/Kenrb npe^- 
cmaBJiamb H3BtcmjibiH mauimi, h6o Bcanoe caoBo HMt- 

2 



18 

enn> y^apeHie. CnpaiiiHBaemcfl , ckojibkhx* po^oBi 
jiorynrb 6umb Haiira cnraxomBopHwe maKinbi? fyia. 
ptmema cero Bonpoca 40 jjkho o6panumibca kt. cio- 
Bawb; h6o 3fl1icb caua npupo^a astraa, noKaauBaa, 
ckoabko cioroB-b Moacemi> 6bimb no^iHHeiio y^apeHiKji, 
noKa3Keim> npHmoM'b, h h3t> ckoju>khxt> caoroBT> mo- 
rynn> cocmomnb Haura manniu. npmnoMT> c-b ^obojb- 
hoh) ocHOBameJbHocmiio Moarao npe^noaarainb, "nno 
ecJH ppapo^a H3bnta nofliHHiLia bt> oiob* H3BtcmHoe 
mojbKO ihcjio c^oroBTi o^HOMy y^apeHuo, mo h bt> 
cnraxoniBopHOM'b maumt ^ojuKHa 6himb co6.iKv\aeMa 
maste Mtpa. CnpaBeflJiHBOcmb cero yBH^HM-b Ha onunrs. 
H match win 03HaieHiii maKmoB'b 6y4esn» CHHmamb 
cjora, HaHHiiaa cb y^apeHin, h He npHHHMaa bt> yBa- 
ateHie cjoroB*, npe^mecmByiomHXT. oHOMy a npmia- 
AAeacam.HX'b cJit^. kt> npeflinecniByiomeMy maKmy, hah 
6y^e hxt. mam sia^o, «nno ohh He Morynrb cocma- 
BHmb ^aHHaro maKma, cobcemtj ocmaBJUM hxt» 6e3i» 
BHHMaHiH, no4o6Ho on^HBHMM-b Homaia-b, kohmh nacmo 
HaiHHaiomcH My3hiKa.ibiii>iH niecu. II main* cioB'a 11a- 
uni fla^ym-b cjrlifl. maambi: 

1. ^Byxcaowawfi: o w (6ucmpo) 

2. Tpexcao*HBiH: 000 (cBtnuafl) 

3- ^emupexc^oKBUH: 0000 (Majem>Ka/i). 

IlHinHCJoacHaro ne no-iaraio no mowy, »raio bt> My- 
abncfi HOBtmueH Htnrb maKma, HMtioiHaro bt> mhcah- 
me-it 5. BnpoieMi. maKoro maKma bt> HamHXt cnm- 
xaxTb h He liafi^eme. CmoJU>KO-mo cnpaBe^Jurao Bbnue- 
CKa3aHHoe npe^no^oateHiej imo maKrau moimiecKOH 



19 

BepcH$HKaqiH z/\yim, BMtcmt ci> maKinaMH HOBtfiweH 
MJ3UEH. H6o bt. BepcH«BKai^H KOJiHiecmBeHHofi masie 
maxBiBi cyHjecmBOBam Ho noe-uany y Haci> ecna 
CJOBa, HMtiomiH y^apenie Ha 6-mt> onn> EOHna caorfc, 
Hanp. MaiocrnHBtHineMy; mo m> npeflMiAyiHHM'b aojuk- 
ho npHCoe^HHHinB maicnrb iuecnracjoaunaM, Komopuii 
BDpoieurb He pt^Ko Bcmp-fciaemca bi> cnraxaxi, Hanp. 
y JoMOHocoBa: 



Bo 1 3Jto6.ieHBa.a mHiiiu [ Ha. 

Ce^MHCAoacHHB He MOHtenrb 6umb flonymeffb no 
mofi me npHiHHt, no Kanoft h namHCAowHwii. Ocmh- 
cjLOHtHaro manma h He Bcmp-fcHaA-b HHKorfla, h He 3Haio, 
ecmbJiH maicoe ciobo. H maK* 3^1cb ^ojijkho ocma- 

HOBHIIIbCH. TenepL MM BH^HMTj, CKO-lbKO po^OBT> Ha- 

uraxTi maranoB'bj h3t> hhxt> 04HHI1 mpexcJioacHMH ecmb 
HeHemHbrii; npo>rie bc* lemHbie. CnmnaH ciora, npe^- 
uiecmBjiomie y^apeHiK), iMB-ieieM-h mt ace «op»bi h 
rax om^'bJibHMXTi cJioroBi, Han aHaKpy3Hca, raojibKo 
B-b o6pamHOMT> BH4B, ra. e. nenraoe hhc.io c-ioroBii 
3^tcb c#fc jaemcH HeHemHbiMT>, K.ain> JierKo nonanib 
mowho h3t> moro, toio y^apeHie mm 6y^eMii omno- 
cnnib kt> catflyiomeMy niaKmy: 

o I « nomeJb 

v o J o nepeuec* 

o o o I o mopjKecniBOBaJi 

c 00 o o J o lipomHBono.ioHtHJt. 



i 



20 

Ho nocA*AmH c^hidkomtj npo^o^atHinejieHT, h ue 
mojaiao ne- jaampe6imiejieH'b > ho no B^HMOMy h He 
fioxxeu-b 6wmb ynompe6.iB:eMi>. /Jna nepBwe Becbwa 
ynompeoHmeAbHBi. 

Tenepb, ec4H 6pocHMT > BarJia^'b Ha mo, KaHHMH 
maKraaMH iracaHbi cnraxa Hanui, mo BcmptmKM'b bi 
chxt> maKraaxT. maKoe pa3Hoo6pajie, vmo mpy^Ho 

ptlHHim>, KaKHMl pO^OMl. HiaKHia nOA630BaaHCh HauiH 

cnrnxonnjopuM B-b H3BtcmHHxi> cmaxax-b, Komopwe 
Bnpoiort no o6iueiviy mhehuo npHHa^ekaraii ki 04- 
Hoiay pa3Mtpy. Bom-b npHMtpi. 

Ckokomi I aemoMt no no | jHaaMt, 

Ilo ro I patufe h no pa I BHUiiaMib. 

1 111 

Flumeim | koh&, 3e | turn apo | auinn, 

11 1 

Epux»syini j HCKpu omi ko | nbirm>. 

Bt. 1-M-b cnmxE 1-ii maKmij ecmb AByxcjioauihrii; 
2-m 'lenibipexcAOWHMH. 3aKJUOHHmejibHbiH He npHHHMa- 
eMi> bt> yBajKenie, nam. h bt» My3biKi. /Jaate 2-h, cmnx'b 
iiaiHuaernca aHaKpy3HC0MT> H3t> AByxij c.iorQBi, no- 
iiiomtj c.vfcayenn. maKnn. qembipexcioauibiH; 3-ii cnrnx-b, 
no paBencniBy maKmoBb, mojkho noiecmb npaBHJb- 
iisnrb; 4-fi onamb HenpaBH.ieirb, h6o 1-m maimrb ecmb 
4B)'\'<:.1()5khf.im, 2-u HemupexcjoHfiihiH. To ate yBH^mne 

H BO BCt.X-b lipOHHX'b OnHXaXT), HCK-UOiafl nHCaHHMXT> 

mpexc.ioHiiiwMH maKmaMH. H marb npn ceM-b nepBOM-b 
puncMomptniH mm nommi romoBM ^ywamb, irao naiuM 
cnuiXH Boace neiipaBH-ibJiMj h6o 'imo cKasamb o My- 



2i 

4 

3UKa.ii.HQH niact, bt» Komopofi o^hhtj jnaKnn. co^ep- 
Hagirb -|, flpyrbfi £ h npoi? HaKOHeip., Ha newb ocho- 
BaHO rnaKoe HenpaBHJtbHoe ynompe6jieBie niaKinoB'b? 
«6o see 6^HaKoaK6 jipaikbo , toioom cmHXOinBopen , b 
Htm, HHfiyflB pyKOBO^cniBOBa4C)i bt» amosn. cayia*,, 
Ho npeaye, nemejm npHcmynmri* kt> ptmeHuo cero 
Bonpoca, mm BtanptHaeirb 3^tcb sBAeme Aio6oiiMniHoe, 
HLweHHa: mm BH^mrb, hotq maKmm nepenrfcufflBajomiecH 
.Meatfly co6ok> cynib neniHMe. H max*, ec4H h flony- 
cnraarb aa nepBwfi paaij HenpaBHAbHocnib chxt> cmn- 
xoBb, ino OHa BoaHarpaw^aemcH npbnnHNM'h aas ciy-* 
xa pa3floo6pa3ieMk mattmoBT.. Mm oiaymaesn., too 
chihxi. 6Mcmp-fee, Kor^a cocmoHnn, H3t> dByxcjojKHMXTj 
maKmoB'b, Be.iHiecmBemite h cnoKoibite, kot^bl H3i> 
HemMpexcJoaKHHXTj w np. H main. nocmaBHMT> npaBH- 
jOMt, too zermmu manm* nepejurbiuueaemcsi moAbKO 
c« xemHUMt, nero miane 6bimb h He Moatenvb, h Hero 
a He noMHmaio 3a HyacHoe h ^0Ka3WB.amb, Q Hetem- 
hom-v niaKiirk mm a^icb eme piHmnib He mo;k€mt^ dHa- 
eM"b moAbKo ua amonn. pa3i>, vmo om> ecmb o^HHt, a 
ct> KaKHMii nepeMtuiHBaemcfl, eme ne BHAHMb. Hst> 
nepeMtrnHBama maKmoB'b nernHMrb BbiBe^eM-b npaBH.io 
nepeMtuiHBaHiH c^oroB* om^tJ6HMXT>, Komopbie mm 
Ha3biBaeMi> aHaKpy3HC0MTi. Ho mm 3HaeMi>, no Bbiuie- 
CKa3aiiH0My, too ohi Haxo^HincH bt> o6pamHOMi> co- 
flepacaniH kt> maKmaM'b. H roaK-b HerenmhuL anaKpy- 
3ucx (tjfbems nepe.uibuiueambC/i c% netem/aiMs: 



Ha bwco j ins mu j hoboh j cwbm 

i\ | bh.ich j ctBepiibifl o I next. 
Bin 1-mi> cnjHxt a>iaKpy3HcT> mpex, a bo BinopoMi. 

O^HOCJOJKHMH. 



22 
nPABHAA CTHXOClOfliEHIfl. 

i. IAXTE . 



Bonn., KaKOH) npe^cmaBJKemcH Haso. Hauia Bepcn- 
*HKaqia bt> ceMi. nepBosn. pa3CMomptaiH. OHa, no 
BHflHMOMy, He coBctMi> npaBH.u>Ha, ecaH He 6y^enn> 
yflOBAeraBopraneAfaHo ptraeHT> nonpoch: bt> ci1»Acnnne 
KaKoro npamia cnraxomBopHM nairua no3Bo.unoni'b ce- 
16* nepeMfeuiHBamfa manniM h bbo^hhc ciora, kohmh 
Wor^a HaiHHaemcH cnrax-b? Ho /^ah. cero npe^Bapn- 
me.ai.HO aojukho ptiimntt, Eakie maKinbi cmHXomBop- 
hm nauiH npmniMa.iH 3a ocHOBaiue? Boo6me mm 3na- 
c«b, Hmo cirraxoniBopuM npHHHMaJiH 3a ocuoBaHie hah 
maKra-b ^ByxcaoatHMH , maul HaaMBaeMufi xopeii h 
hm6t>, Komopwe o6a, no npnHHmoMy Ha.Mii pa3Atvieniio 
maKmoBT., npHBO^nmca Kb o^HOMy, eaiH, npo^oA/KHB-b 
pn^-b maKnioBi>, om^tAHMi. b* sm6t HaHajiwihiH CJion» 
onn> nocAt^ywiuaro maKHMT> o6pa30Mi>; 

XopeH | — o | — w | — 
/Im6u w j — « | — o | — 

Hjih mpexcjiojKHMH; h6o h 3a*cb, no npHHHmoMy 
pa34t4eHiio, AaKimuui, aM*H6paxtH h aHanecmu maK- 
a«e Morynni dumb npHBe^eHW kt> o^Hoiuy, ra. o., 

^aMZHMH I — « u \ — w v | — 

AM»H6paxiH « | — « u | - u o ( — . 
Auanecmu « ■« | — o u | - « y !~" 

H maK-b iiauin cnmxoniBopin»i ynornpe6.iHJiH moJbKO 
ciH 4Ba pofla maKmoBii, * h mara pt^so ynompe6afl- 

3mo enpoweMx secbMa ecraecnuenHO. Bcfc pOAU n»wno«% 
in. MpLiK* npuao^atncfl n* ^jiepeMCHHOMy bjw mpextpe- 



23 

xa lenftipexoiojKHHfi, imo ourb, KastemcH, coBctin. 3a- 
6htnrb hmh, xoma cefi maKim. ecnu. h BeairaecinBeHHte 
h nojiHte AByx* npoqurb, hiho aenso noiyBcmBo- 
Bantt bt. H3BtcniHOMT. cmnxoniBopeHiH A. 6. Mep3aa- 
KOBa: 



Cpe | flH aojhbm I posHua Ha I Ma^KOH bhco I m% H np. 
H flpyroMi. B. A. JKyKOBCKaro: 

Bt | acHnrt BO.ma, my | Manrt BciHa 3a [ AyMiHB's Ha#t 

pt | koh h np. 

H6o maKTi ao.ukho pa3Ai.wnni> cnmxi. ceii no npu- 
HHHt, o Komopoia ^ojjkho cKa3amB bt> ^pyroMT> coih- 
HeHin (9). H ec-!H maui Ha3HBaeMbiii iuecmncmonHWH 
HM6HiecKiii cimccb EaajemcH Be-ranecnuieHH-fee maui. 
Ha3t.iBae»aro reK3aMenipa, mo hmchho onn> ynompe- 
6.weMaro Bt chxtj cnmxax'b BectMa nacrao Hemwpex- 
caoauiaro mainna, Hanp* 

Poc | ciHCRie Ku«3b|fl, |j 6o j ape, Boe j boam, 

Ilpe I meAiuie ipe3i | $om ]j omj. \ acKHBamb cbo j 6o#j. 

Ec-IH .UpHCOe^HHHJTb kt> ceft BhlTO^t pa3Hoo6pa3ie 
nay3i> (o neM^ uoc.it), mo no BH^HMo.My Ha^o 6y r jenn> 
corjacHinbCH, imo cek maKim. ecmb caMMii npeKpa- 

MeHHOMy, KOmopLie cymb r.iaBHLie h BceoSmie. IIpii BceM* 
moMi joj/KHM 6umi> npaBUja p«uiwamb pa3Ht>ie po^ti 
nuKniOBi. 



24 

CHtHiuiii bt> Haineii BepcH<i>HKauiH. HaKOHen-b, 4.1a jiio- 

6mneAeH apeBHHro AsmnrnJin cmmem, eiue, too cifl 

craona Moacenrb 6bnnb 3aiatHeHa, ho npHHHmoMy H3- 

MtpeHbo JMOrOBij hjh Honn>, y Hac-b mojbEO tciuh- 

pexc^oacHMMt maKmoMij. Onn. leroaeb mam p*ako 

6vuvb npHHHnn> HaiiraMH- cnrnxonreopnaMH 3a ocHOBa- 

me maKm* ceii? Hmchho onn> JioHtHMX-b Haiajn> Ha- 

uieii BepcH*HKai^iH, bt. Komopyio npeat^e Bcero BBe- 1 

^eHM 6m.ih /jByxcaoacHwe h mpexaaoacHMe raaKmhi f 

no4lj. HeCBOHCmBeHHMMH HOTb Ha3BaHUIMH, 38HMCIIIB0- I 

BaHtoiMH om-b ApeBHHXij. He^aBHO 3aroBopHJiH 6hao § 

o neokt ( — o o o ), ho He 3Ha.iH, mio c-h hhm* 
At-iamb: ocmaBumb .m ero, klih pa3/jt.uinib na ^bb 
cmonw (- « I « o ). He 3iia.m, hhio cnay maKmoBTj 
Bii moi-iH'iecKOH BepcH*HKaijiH He ^oajkho onpe/vBJunnb 
no maKmaM-b KoaiwecmBeHHOH. Moacenrb jih 6i>nnb 
ynompeojaeM-b maKim> uiecnMC.ioJKHMH, amonrb bo- 

npOCb OCmaBAHeMl) 3^BCb He ptnieHHMM'b. 

H inaKTi, ec-iH H3i> HeraHMXTj maKmoB-b o6i>ikhobch- 
110 cmnxomBopu>i jiauiH ynompe6juuiH mojtbKo maKnrb 
AByxcao5KHHii, H3i> HeiemHMX'b mpexc40/KHhrii ; mo 
orceBH^Ho, hhio nponie ynompe6jureMM 6mjh hmh mojib- 
ko bt» 3a\rfcHy He ^ocmajtoiHHX'b ocHOBHMXb raaBmoBi); 
no ce.My nepeMtinHBame maKmoBTi npoH3Bo^HincH bt> 
cjt^cniBie no.iojKeuiH: Ecjiu es u3eihcmH0M» mannm 
codepotcumCA urbCKOXbKO past dpyzou juenhuiiu, mo 
6oj.z>iuiu maxms MOMcemt saMibHumh mtmoe *ucm maK- 
mooz MeHhiuuxz, ckomko paz% juemiuiii manms ets 
h4ms cddepMcumc/i. TaKH\rb o6pa30MT> »iemupexc.i05K- 
Hbift inaKmii coAepatHnrb Bb ceo* 2 AByxcaoJKHbiX-b, H 
MO/Kem-b 110 ce>iy 3aMtHHmb hxt.; uiecmiicioacHMH co- 
AepsKHimt hxt> 3; no ceay H npoi. Bonn. npnMtp-b 
"leaibipexcjoauiaro : 



25 

/ ' / / 

EpuxoKynrt | HCicpu onrii ko | ntimt. 
HpHMtpij mecnracJiOTKHaro: 

t ' 

^pyatecnjBO coe^a | hh.io. 

Ho btj cesn> ciyiat Jiynine 60-u.mie masniH pa3#B- 
jiHnni Ha MeHMiiie, toiooh HCHte noKa3am& hhcjo 
bcsxtj maKmoBi> cnmxa h maKHirb o6pa30M , b cefi no- 
cxbflfiia npHBecma kt» paBeHcmsy ei> npoiHMH. Ho 

KaKT> MM 3Hae»Tb M* OCHOBaHlH My3HKHj HIIIO BCAKIM 

maKiirb HaraHaemcH y^apeHieMi), mo Kaac^OMy h3t> 
chxtj hobwxti raaKiHOBT), Ha nepBosfb CJiorfc, ^a^HMi> 
y^apeme, noraopoe yate He ecmh npo3airaecK.oe, ho 
cnrnxoniBopHoe hah- My3MK.a.ii>Hoe, m. e. paBHoe raojay, 
Koraopoe y rpaMMamHKOB'b Ha3HBaemCH ictus; noieAiy 
h 6y&eyn> onmmami ero omi npo3aHiecK.aro oco6eH- 
hmm-l 3HaK0Mi> (•). H maKT> npe#bHflymie cnraxn pa3- 
. A'BJIHM'b m. o6p. 



Bpuatatynn. j HCKpti j omt ko | nwrnt. 

1 * ♦ i 

Apyme | cmBO co j eflH | Ha jo. 



Kacamejihiio 2-ro cnraxa 3aMtmHMTi caiflyjoiuee: no- 
e.HiKy uiecmHCJio»!HMH maitim. <:oflep3KHnn> wb ce6t 
Kpostt 3-xt, ^Byxc^oJKHMX'b maKate 2 mpexc-wat- 
uuxh, mo cmHXT> ceS Moatenrb 6himb Hmnaorb h apy- 
iHMb oopa30M-b, m. e. 6mbt> pa34t.ieHi> Ha mauniM 
mpexc.iowHMe, Hanp. 

^pyasecmBO | coeAH j hajo. 



26 

TatoKe cJitAyioupH cnrax-b .loMOHOCOBa, pa3fltjieH- 
hhh maK. o6p. 

do3 | jao&ieH I Haa | muuiu | Ha. 

Moatem-b 6bmu> HHinaem, h maio.: 

j 
/ • / 

B03 I JH>&ieHHa | a. muuiu | Ha. 

H maKTb Hepa3ra^aHHMH ^ocejit Bonpocb: no ieMy 
HHor^a 04HH"b cmfficb MosKenn. nojiyrana #Ba pa3Al>- 
jema? — paaptineHTb. Ho menepb cnpocjnni: Kaicoe jkt> 
H3i> chxt> ^Byxij pa3flt.aeHiH ecmb npaBHJi&Hoe? Ha ceii 
pa3b omBt'iaeMTi, «nno mo h apyroe, ecjiH b3otu> cch 
cmHXb omAt^bHo, ho HHmafl ero bt> cbh3h cb Apyni- 
mh cmnxaMH, 40.MKH0 coo6pa30Bann>CH ct> pa3Mtpo>rh 

OHMXT., KaKT. o6hIKHOBeHHO H ^tjtaiom'b. 

ToBopa o nepeMtimraaHiH maKmoBT>, He Ahzti a^tcb 
He c^t-iamb HtKomopbixb 3aMtianiH BpascyjKflemH 
mpexcaoacHaro: 

J. TpoHHbrii maKnvb , HMtenrb pmnMocb 6o4"Be 
HrpHBMH h hahcoboh , HeacejiH BejHieemBeHHHH h 
cnoKOHHHfi, h Bonn 6e3T» coMHtiiui npHHHHa, no ieMy 
omeifb Hameii no33ia He ynompe6'H.n> ero fl.w anoneH. 

2. IlQeJHKy Apyrie 3a\rbHHK)mie maianM HHKorfla 
; h-h v.wxh cmnxaxT. ne BcmptiawmcH, mo Bcer,\a 

impexcJioacHbiH raaKm-b HaiHHaemca nofl^HHHbnn. y^a- 
peHie>n>, h, He nepesibiHHBaflCb hh ct> KaKHMb ^py- 
i-hmij, 4t.iaenn> cnroxi> BecbMa o^Hoo6pa3Hbnn>. H 
rnaRii ne cnpaBe^JiHBo pa3Hoo6pa3HMMTi maKmajrb cmH- 
xa masb na3MBaeMaro AAeKcaHapiftcKaro npomHBo- 
no.iara.iH cmHXH uanwcaunue chmt> maKmosrb Hte.iaH 
3aMtHHnu> hmt> flpeBHiii flaKnnub h cnoH^ea bt» reK3a- 



27 

Mempt; h6o bt> cKymoan. ero h ymoMHHieAbHOMT> 
o^Hoo6pa3iH Moacenn> ah 6wmb paBHaa npiamHociitb! 
(10) Bnpoiem,, npH cem> aaxtnaBWi a nponiy hh- 
mamejK BHHKHynn. npocmo bt. cyiHHocinb cero maa- 
ma, He hjibh b* bhaj hh iwcrb cnrnxomBopeHifl; ma- 
le Aerao c4t.1anu.CH ko mb* HecnpaBeAAHBHirb. Ho 
B03BpamHMCH' kt.- HameMy npeAMemy. 

Tenepb mairaa, itwi. pyKoBo^HM* oha* cnraxomBO- { 
peivb bt> nepeMtiiraBaHBH maainoB'b, o6i>acHHAacb;" hm e&- 
ho: ohti pyKOBo^cniBOBajcH y^apeHieMT> My3biBaAbHHMT>, 
Komop'oe, nocmoHHHo onpeAtAaa maKmbi, npHBOAHAO 
cmHXH kt> coBepineHHOMy eAHHcnmy. H maa-b He mail 
omBepranih, nmo h3hkt> Pyccaiii HMtemt cbohchibo, | 
bt. BbicoKoii cmeneHH My3waaAbHoe h npeAcmaBAHenrh j 
coBepmeHHtfimiH o6pa3eHi> moHHiecKoii BepcH*HKauiH. s 
OHa onn> BOAHiecmBeHHOH omAHiaemca moAbao nrfc»n>, \ 
Hmo HM-fcem-b o^Hy Homy (|), mor^a KaKi nepBaa ' 
HMtenrb hxtj abb (-§■ h f). CHAAafiHiecaaa cobc-emi He 
HMtemt raaKina. Ecah ate acaaoMy cJiory 6e3i> yaape- 
Hiff mm M03KeMi> coo6mann> onoe, mo npeAcraaBAHem- 
ca jjo6onMinHHH BonpocT>: HyacHo ah AAa cocmaBJie- 
nia cmHxa, xoma oaho noAAHHHoe y^apeme, h ecAH 
oho HyatHo, mo btj KaKOMi> HMeHHO maanrB? $ah cero 
Boo6pa3HMi. cnrnxTj KaKoro yroAHO npoAOASceHia, co- 
cmoHmiH h^* oahoto cJOBa. Ct> oahoh cmopoHM mh 
aHaewb, imo bchkih maKnn> Mowemi 6bnnb 6e3T> npo- ' 
3aHHecKaro yAapem'a; ci A.pyroH maaste H3BtcmHo, 
•imo caobo oAHaKOJKb He MOHcenrb 6bnnb 6e3T> yA a pe- ' 
ma. H maK-b, npHHHMaa h-eamh cmntrb aaab 6u 3a 
oaho caobo, nomoM-b Amuas Bet maKmbi cmioca, o^Hirb 
3a apyrHM-b, npo3aa<iecKaro yaapeHia, nocmaBAaexrb 
Heo6xo4HMWMT>, HmooM cie no^AHHHoe yaapeHie 6wao 
bt> HanaAt nocAtAHHro masma. H mam* ec/ttciu mourns 



28 

' cmuxa MOxems we naiunambi/i nodjumnbiM* fdapeni- 
eMs, ucKMOtan, nocjmd/du, Komopuu Ttoxoieem nam- 
Hambcn omiMt neo6xoduMO. CatflOBam. norptuialonn. 
m*, Homopae bt. nocgBflHesTb maKmi flonycKaionn. 
y^apeHie cnmxoinBopHoe, a He npo3aHiecKoe, Ha np. ( 



* * r « • . - 

h vl npH ) flrnHOH ] noBt | emu. 

Ho ecua raoAbKo bt> nocJi't^HeM'b matuirfi Heo6xo#H- 
mo uoAJumaoe y^apeme, bi npoiityb ate Bee paBHo, 
cyuiecmtByeDTb oho hjih Htnrb, h6o ohh Morynrt 6himb 
o6pa30BaHM ct> noMonjuo yaapeHia MyaidKajibHaro; mo 
crBflyenrb apyroe npaBH.io: Bcxnoe exoeo MOPteem* 
nomepjum nodMiHuoe ydapenie, ecxu, nompeoyenw mozo 
po3Mibp , s, Komopuu npunuMawmx 3a ocHoeauie, Hanp. 

i r i t 

Cpe | ah AOJHhm | poBHMa Ha | rjia^KOH bmco I nrt 

B* nepBOMij maKmt, bt> ciob*: doxumi, xonra ciorb: 
xu Moatem-b He AiiuiambCJi y^apenia, ho cie y^apenie 
cmojib caa6o, hhio bt> imeHm, coomBtmcmBeHHOMb 
ceMy pasMtpy, oho BOBce He c,u>uiiho. He maKOBO 
CBoiicmBo y^apeHia, kohmt> HaraHaemca maKnn>: cie 
Bcer^a npoH3HocHmca hcho, ecw oho ecmb npoaairee- 
CKoe. Ho ecur ciobo mepHenrb maKHMt o6pa3o>n> 
no^Aiumoe y^apeide, mo ct> yc*OBie>rb ne nojiynamb 
ero Ha apyro\n> iitcml; h6o maKHMt o6pa30M3> nepe~ 
MbiiH.iacb 6m Hamypa caoBa; Hanp. ecjw cmnxi 



H3i | muMHofi | 6opa | rjy6H ] ru 
Pa34tjucMTi ua uemiiipexcdOJKHMe raaiunM m. ofip. 



29 



s* \» >* 



H3T. | iriesmoH 6opa | rjy6kHH 

Cjiobo ZJ.f6uHM, eara imnantt coo6pa3Ho ceiiy pinn- 
Mocy, 6ydenn. npoH3HeceHo nponuiBHo cBoeii Hamypt, 
Kor^a My3f.iKaj11.H0e y^apeme Ha^i aiorom. z#y 6j~ 
pfitta ycmeHo, a upo3aH?ecKoe Ha#b ciorosrb mm oc- 
JiafiaeHo. OmcJO^a npaBHJio: ne daeaume Huxozda oom- ' 
uieu cuxbi fdapemw MysbiKaxbHOJuy npedt npo3au%e~ 
ckuju*. BnpoHeMTb amo He KacaemcH ciobt., Bt kohio- 
Pmxtj y^apeHie He onpe^t-ieHO, Hanp. flaaeKO h ^a-ie- 

EO. H mSR-b 34*Cb SaMtraHMT. MHMOXOflOJTb, ^mO H3T> 

Hamypu caMMXi. y^apeHifi mojkho noKa y3HaBamB, kt> 
KaKOMy maKDiy npHHa^jeHsami. chihxh. T. o. BHiue 
npHBe^eHHbrii crnHXT. : u ev npu/armou noencmu , 
6yflenrb npHHa^AeataniB HemwpexcjioatHOMy maKmy, 
cnrax-b JKe: was mejimou 6opa zxySuHbi, ^syxcaoHt- 
noMy, no CHJit np03aH'iecKaro y/(apeHiH nocxbpjiaro 
maiuna. 

CKaatesn. menept hecko-Imso cjiobtj o6t> ynompe- 
6jeHiH c.ioroBTj oni^tAi.HMX'i.. ITpaBiuo mpe6yem'b 
moJiBKO, hiiio6m xucjio ux* 6bVio .uenne xucxa cjto- 
ao«* ocnoenaeo maxma. H maKi. npa flByxc.aojKHMX'b 
maKmax-b anaKpy3HCT> MOHtemi Swim. mo.ii.Ko o^ho- 

dOKHMH. 



JLu I Me cbo I e CKpw ) Baemt | fleHh. 
IlpH mpexc.JOJKHfcix'b CAt^oBameAbHo ne ukm&ko 

0AH0C.10HCHUH, KaKT.: 



50 



t 9 



\» V» N* V* \y \« 



- Ha J xaa^HOH co [ jtom* 11041 ] KpoBo&n> hot | jo3i 

coiue I meHHUMi. 
Ho b AByxciojKHKtfi: 



v# v* -^ 



Ao pa3 | cutma no* | BflBioucb ko | bb oc*fl | .ia.<i. 

Ecxuoice xuca,o eeodrmxn cxozoet 6fdetms poena, vuui 
npeemuarra, xucxo cxozoez zxaenazo man-ma; mo odno 
moxbKO mo, zmo ecrm> vsjuauex* ocHoeuaeo maema, 6jr~ 
"dem* npuHadjeatcamt anaitpymcf, npotee omtucA/temcx 
ks maKmaMV, nanp. bt> cnraxt: 



IIo ro | pain, h j no pa | BmiuaMt 



dBa nepBwe ciora bt> HanaAt cnraxa He Morynn> cih- 
marahCH om^'B.'ibHMMH, h6o maKnn> cnraxa ecim AByx- 

C40JKHMH H OHH COCm^BJlXKllVb nepBMH. Bt> CraHXt 



Hpez-h He npa | cmyna&i | nepe | npaati 

oaho moAtKO nepBoe ciobo tpe3 6y4enn> om#B.Ki- 
hmmi, npoiie 2 caora cocmaBffln/b caMH no ce6* 
maKnrb maKHsrb o6pa30Mi>: 

• > » r ■ 

*Jpe3i | ne npH j cmynrm | nepe j npaBH 

Cit^oBameJibHO cnrnx-b ceii cocmoHimi H3i> 4-xt> nrait- 
mOB1> AByXC.JOSKHMX'b CT> O^HHMT. omAtJU>HHJn> CAO- 

roMi>. 

H main>, npn o6yieHiH ^tmefi BepcH*HKan,iH, Hmo- 

6w uaumH maKnn> cmaxa, npe*Ae Bcero 3acmaBtme 



31 

HXb o6o3Haqmnfc KajKflbiii cion. KpamKmrb 3HaKOMi, 
nomoMT, Ha3Ha!rann, npo3aH<iecKifl yaapeHui h HaKO- 
1 Heip. omMtimnnb maianu, npoH3BO#i cie AMcmBie 
onti npaBOH pyRH irb jiIjboh h HaHHHaa Kaat^HH maunrb 
no^JHHHUMT> y^apeHieMTi. 



V ***• 



% *Iep [ Keca | npa3#HBie ch | A/iim.. 1 -• 

IlepBoe cie pa3#E.ieHie noKajKenrb, Karam maRinoMi 
3aM*meHbi ocHOBHue raaKmHj h maKi 6oAhww maKirib, 
coo6pa3HO npaBHAy, CKa3aHHOMy Ha cmp. 24, Sy^enrb 
pa3^tJeHT> Ha H3Btcnnioe hhcjio raaKraoBii ochobhmxtj, 
mno h noKaxtenn., r^t Haxoflmnca y^apeHie My3Mnaju>- 
Hoe, win cnmxomBopHoe. 

it • i 

^ep I Kec&i I npa3AHBi | e ch | flams 

h XBSsn, ceS cmux* cocmoHnn> h3t> 4-xtj maKmoBi. 

flByXCAOJKHMX'b Ch OAHHSTb Om#fcJlbHbIM'b CJLOrOMT>. (11). 

Cui meopia maKmoB-b He mcibKO pa3ptniaenrb bcb 
npomHBoptiiH h yHHmnoJKaenrb mpy,yiocniH npe/KHeK, 
ho erne cmojb npocma, mao noHHrana ^aace h fib- 
manrb. Earn jks no ce8 meopia cmojib aerico ofi-wi- 
CHaenicH Haina Bepciw&HKaniH, mo a npoiny mtx*, ko- 
mopbie cffimaioHn> eme Hamy noflooHow ^peBHefi ko- 
^HMecHiBeHHOH , ofiiiHCHHinb cero meopieio ApeBmow. 
Tor^a oiracpoeincfl HeB03MO!KHOcnH,. flcHtmnee ^oKa- 
3amejfacmBo pasjiniia moii h Apyroa BepcH*HKania. 
H60 eciaoi oh* 6hum raoac^ecniBeHHM , mo o^na 
o6ijHciDuiacb 6m apyroio HeooxoflHMO 

3. PB6HA. 

Paeiia ecmb ayHmee yKpauieHie moHHiecKofi Bep- 



52 

craHxaipH h cmoJBKO aa efi cBoScmBeHHa, no paBen- 
cniBy h 6bictnpom~B 6tryiraca> Honn>, cieo.ib 6bMa 6m 
omBpamHrne-ABHa bt. KOJuroecmBeHHOH no npHHHHt #ojr 
romu oshxtj. H60 nporrajKeme pneMbi, Kanoe ^ojiskho 
6m 6m jo #b\aamb b% imeniH KOJHiecmBeHHOM'b, Becwia 
oniBpanrame^bHo. Bomb, no lesiy ApeBHie ee y6traaH. 
Ho BOBce HecnpaBe^JHBO bt> HeaaBHee BpeMa B03cma- 
Ba^a npornHB-b pHowb. Xonrfe^H b* nponiHBHocnib npn- 
po#E yHH-nnoHonin> xymaee yupameHie cnraxa, He 
CMonipH Ha mo, otio pneiia cmodb nocjiyniHa HaimiMi 
nosmaMTj. IIpaB^a h 3HaMeHHnn»ie nHcamcjH, HMemio 
Boccifi, BoopyntajHCb nponmBi> ynompe6.ieHui pneM-b} ho 
bo BpeMH Boccin moHHiecKaH BepcH^mtauiji 6uaa eine 

BT> KOAblOe.lH, H OHTj fl^WJOt O B03MOJKHOCniH KO.lHie- 

cmBeHHofi, Komopan, no ero mhehuo, maKJKe ewe He 
cymecmBOBajia y HOBtinnHrb. 9mo coBciMi 4pyroe. 

Becbsia Ma-iOBajKHMH om>mrb Moatenn. noKa3ann> , 
hdio pHoma ecmb ^nma momreecKofi npoco^in. IIpo- 
6efime 4 maKma flByxciojKHbrx'b, nomoMi Hanojumme 
ii-feMbia Homw KaKHMH yroflHo cioraMH, xomn nanp. 
c.i*4yH)u;HMH: 

111 1 

Jfp pe I mh *a I coJh -»a | ch. 

Ecjih 3axomHme, coo6pa3Ho ct emu pn^oMi. mait- 
moBT>, cocmaBHnib cmnxTi H3i> ciobtj, mo doiitih ne- 
Bo.ibno ynompe6nme bt> nocut^HMrb manrnt no^o6o- 
3Bynie. H maKT> nepBbrii cmKXT> h3t> cioroBTb 6y4enn> 
o6pa3neM , b /\jut Bmoparo U3% c.iobt>. Boo6we bt> amoM-b 
paacMomptniH nped-bH^ymM cnncrb KajKemcH *op>iy- 
.1010, no Koeii cocmaBJiHemcH nocji-E^yioJuiH. CKaatym-b: 
pnoMa ynompe64flerncH maKJKe h bt> cHJJia6H>ieCK0H 
BepcH*HKan'iM. Ho cHiia6niecKafl Bepca*HKauifl 6jna<e 



\ 



33 

no^xoflmirh kt> momwecKOH mtMi>, imo coxpaiiHenrt 
paBeHcnrao aiorovb. 



Hi 



:n- 



4. n a y a a. 



Ilaysa ynompe6.uremca Kain> bt> My3hiK-fe, mam. h bt» 
BepcH*HKHuiH. Bij rnaKmt OHa mome, imo eJurancHCb 
bt> HaBtcraHOMTj coe^HHeHiH ciobt.. ^ByxcjoatHwii 
maKm'b ecmt cauuii Kpanrara; a noraojiy cnpaBe^jHBo 
nay3a vb cewb maKm'b omBeprHyma namHMH cnnrxo- 
niBopqaxH. Ho h bt> ces«> maKnrfc OHa Bcmptnaemca 
bt. Hapo^HMru ntCHaxii (ycioBHMCH 03HaHamb ee maK- 
ate 3HaKOMT> KpamKHMt, uo Ha o6oponn>). Hanp. 



Axe o | csy o | qao o | mh* 

• i • / 

Ha ?y | asoS a | cmopo j Bt 

B-b mpexc^oatHOMT. maKnrfc ynompe6.iHeMaH floce-it 
HaiimMR curaxoniBOpuaMH nay3a HMtenn. npo/jojHfreHte 
o^Horo Cjiora h, cMompa no 3aHHMaeMOMy eio Mtcmy, 
6biBaem , b o6hkhobciiho flByx-b poaobi: hjh bt> kohuIs 
maKma ( £ „ „ ), hjih bt. cpeAHHt ( £ n ). IlpH- 
Mtpi> nepBaro po^a: 



MblCJblO 6pO [ fiOJlTM OBI Bl MB j ByBUieMl o j rprcno 



BAa | jh nepe^i | B3opoMi. 
3 



34 
IIpHMtpO) Bmoparo po^a nay3br * 

BMHn 4 3 P a | 3H - , ' b OH1 > Bpa|ra o u[ 6ucmpo co|me.ra 

Cb KOJe | CHHUU. 

BnpoHeMTi h He BHaty HeB03MojKHocmH bt> ceMT> maK- • $■ 

nrt ynorrtpefiinnb nay3y 6ojiie npo^ojiatHme.ibHyio, 
HMeimo 2-xt. nocAt^HHX'b cAoroBTi maiuna, Hanp. 

t r ft i 

Bmhit, nopa|3iWB ohi. Bpajna o o | 6wcmpo co|uie.n> 

Cb KOae | CHHIfbl. 

ItpHiHHa, no teiay He ynompe6.ifl.iH cea nay3bi, 
oMeBH^Ha. TaKnrb ctj nay30H nepBMX"b flByx-b po40B , b 
oowKHOBeHiro Ha3MBajw xopeesi-b (!), a ynompe6uB'b 
amy, He y.\rfc,iH 6m maKmy HaiimH npHJHHHaro Ha3Ba- 
niaj bt> caMOMT> flt-VE, cmonu h3t> oflnoro cjiora HEim. 
y ^peBHHX-b! Hemwpexc^o^HMH mauim. npe^cmaB-iH- 
enn> Be.iHKoe pa3Hoo6pa3ie nay3Ti. Ho r/vt HaiimH hxt> 
npHAitpw? CnraxomBopHM mam. pt^KO nHcajiH chmt. 
maKmoM-b. Bnpo i ieMT>, eciH 6m h nHca^n, mo no npea?- 
neH cucmeMt BtpoamHo ne ocMluHJHCb 6m ynompe- 
6nmb nay3M, Komopaa bt> ceft .iojkhoh CHcmeMt bo- 
Bce He H3Btcmna. H3o6pa3HMii xoma bt> *H.rypaxT> 
pamaro po^a nayaw bt. lembipexc.iO/KuoM'b mantnt: 

• i i 

1. w o rt o 2. oyoo 3. , o u w o • 

' i > 

4. onuo 5. i> o n y 6. o o o « 

7. t. « « « oieBH^no ne B03M05KeHi>. 



35 

3#bcb KcmamH ynoMHHymb o HapoAHbncb ntcHHXT., 
h6o hxt» HenpaBHJbHocmb 3aiuE0<iaeincH bt» naysax-b. 
A no ceity, Hino6u HainnH hxt. paawtpij, aojwkho 
HMtna npe^BapHnieJiBHoe no3HaHie hxt> nantsa; no- 
raoMT> Hafinra omHomeme cioroBi> kt» MyabraaabHOMy 
pa3Mtpy, h HeAOCTiaiomte aiora, AonojHxeMbie o6hb> 
HOBeHHO B-b ntain npomflrHBaHieM-b r^aCHBECb, 3aMt- 
cniHmb majtHM-b ace ihcaomii nay3T». H6o pa3Mtpi> Ha- 
PO/\hhxt> ntcem. onpe^tviHenicff Han-fcBOMTb, a He cao- 
Ba»H. npeflcraaBAHio bt> npHMtp-b flBa cmiixa 1-ii itechh 
bt> co6pamH KHpura /^aHHJOBa. Ecih npHJoateHHaH 
My3HKa (12) noAJiHHHo npioia^essinirb ceii hechh, mo 
pa3Mtp-b ea ecim. CJt^yroiqiii: 



Bbico | ma ah | buco | ma n | nojHe | 6e o | CHa n \n, 

m , « , • • • 

I\iy6H | Ha jh | rjiy6H | ua o | OKe | aat o | mo o | pe. 

3/vecb o^Ma mojibKo HenpaBH-ibHocuib, imo noci1>A- 
Hee y^apeme ecmt My3brca.ibHoe. Ho ama HenpaBHJib- 
HocmB bt. itbchh HHiraoJKHa. BnpoveM-b, ciuhxtj ceii 

ITBCHH, KaK-b BH^HO, COCmOHHrb H3T> 8-MH maionoB'b 

^ByxcAOHtHMXTi. nycmb noBtpHmij >ieHH ramaniejib, 
3Hajomiii Myabiuy. Caxio cofioii noHmnHO, imo bti nfe- 
chhxtj npomHatHhix-b h.ih 3ayHi>iBHbix-b, bt> Komopuxb 
HHor^a oflmrb c.iorb npomflTHBaemcH Ha itejmh maKim> 
h ^a/Ke Ha ABa h 6o.rbe, ihc.io nayi-b aojjkho 6wmb 
ipe3Mtpno bcihko. TIo ce>ry mania ntcHH .lyiine ocma- 
BHmb My3MKt; out nanoMHHaionrb IJimepoHOBbi c.ioBa 
o no4o6iiwx'b cmHxomBopeHiHX-b, quae, nisi tibicen 
accessit, orationi solutae sunt siraillima. HcKamt me paa- 



56 

irfcpa HapoflHHX* n-feceHt bite hxt> My3UKH, 3Ha<nmn> 
no /ipeBHeii nocjLomm^jfpoQ'ov ajisXyuv. 

ITay3a, Koeio pa3^tAfltemcH cnraxi bt» no.ioBjnrt 
maRma ^i fiat Hacnra, Ha3biBaemcH y nac* ne3yp<ho. 
Ci« ynompe6mneJi»Ha y Hacb npemfymecnreettHo bt> 
jcnraxi cocraoameMTb hot. mmm wa auecnni maKmoBi> 
^ByxcjioasHMXTi. CAt^yiouvfi npHMlsp-b noKajkenn, Mtcmo 
OHOfi bt> mojn. H apyrosTb CmHXfi. 

CraHXT. 5-hih maKmoB-b- ^ByxcjioacHMxi.: 



i it* i 

Bo | mnifi ne | ckh || Ah | Bificni j e nti | ja^a 

6-ma maKmoB-b AByxcio?KHbix , b: 



y|MpeMt kojb j CMepmb bi 6o|k> || Ha|3Haie|ua cy4t|6oio. 

KaKoro npocmpaHcmBa cui nay3a, flcuKHO ptmmnb 
bt> ^pyroMt paacywfleHiH. 



5. SAKASCXBTBABBuift T ART'S. 



Boo6u;e aocei* 6uao npniuuno h npmnoMT> BecbMa 
cnpaBe^JiHBo, Hmo6a 3aK.iK>HHineju>HWH maKmi He co- 
^epafajii 6o.ite 2-xt> caotobi,, m. e. bt> ^Byx-H mpex- 
CAoatHbix-fa raaKmaxT. HsHe ^yjiaw, imodw cjitayio- 
ujee 3aK.iK)HeHie cnraxa 6u4o npianmo: 

3pfeja a Hefieci ci | nme. 



57 



Ho AyuiH Moefi ace | mhk. 



Oho npe^cmaBJiHenni mno-mo B>uoe n JiiHHBoe, I 
maKi nrao ci> noc^t^HHMH /ifijuK aioraMH He 3Haeme, I 
<nno ^tAanu,. IIpHHHHa oieBH^Ha. HaBtcnrao (cm. j 
3aa. 8), nmo y^apeme 3aEJuoHHineji>Haro maKma coo6- i 
waenrb cAory 6e3koHeiHoe (npoH3Bo;u>Hoe) nponurase- j 
Hie. IIpHCoeAHHeHHMH d^HHb aaorb 6e3T. y^apeHia no- 
Ka3WBaeimj na^eHie 3ByKa. IIpH6aB^eHHHu bhobb cion. j 
6e3T> y/japemji Mtiuaeim. saicuoieHiio, mpe6y« aaa ceoa f 
HOBaro HanpjDKeHiH roaoca. Ecjhjkb noc^t^Hifi maKnn> \ 
cocraonnrb h3t> o^Horo c.iora, mo oirh o^HaKoacb chh- 
manu>cfl fiOAxewb 3a hojhhh h paBHwii npe^uiecm- 
BOBaBiuHM-bj h6o npo^OjUKeme nocitflHeH homm bi> 
My3HKajbHoft niect 6e3K0HeHH0. 

Bom-b rocno^cmByiomaH CHcmewa naiuefi BepcH*HKa- 
HiH. Ho 4J1H noAHoniM HayKH ocmaemcH erne ptaiumb 
2 Bonpoca. 1) Mw bh^e.ih, "into maKmrj nepeMtuiHBa- 
romcH; h mam., hemt> pbiimmb KomopwH h3T> ynompe6- 
AeiiHwxTj maKmoBT> ecnu> ochobhmh, lianp. btj cmnxt: 



PoccinCKie KHA3ba, 6oape, bocboam, 



^ByxcaoJKiiwii, hjih lemMpexcioatHi.iH, h np.? h6o upturn- 
Han 3a ocHOBame KpamfaHiuiM, mm mo.it.KO aah^ye.M'b 3a- 
oouiHOMy MHtniio cmuxoniBopneB-b. 2) HIimt. onpe^t.iumb 
iipocmpaHcmBo cranxa? H6o hh no4o6o3ByiHoe oKOH'ia- 
nie, hh npoH3B0,vb cnmxomBopua ne cymb npaBH.ia. 
He roBopam-b m «jacmo, 6e3o BCHKaro ocHOBania, imo 
maKoit mo nanp. cmHxi ue no-joffb, 'imo pa3MtpT> ero 
6a^i.ia4HbiH h np., mo.ihKO oimi moro, moio cinnxomBop- 
uj [>a3cy4Hjiocb pa3#E.iHmb Ha 4Bt cmpoKH mo, vmo 



(, . » 



i-^ om> noMtcnraci. B"b o^hoh. IIoKa H3T> ocHoBaHiii pae- 
jjf ff He 6yp&mb noAoacHmejibHO BWBeAeHO, ntMi. 40*- 
— tw onpefltjunub npocrapaHCBo cmaxa, ,ao mfcx-b nopii 
jjflbjan ero npoH3Bo.u.HM (15). 



*n — inrrr 



iJAMT.HAIIUl. 



(1). Hapo^Hbifl ntcra, oco6emo Becejtia, 6ojBiiieio ia- 
cmiio cocraoami rai npaBHJBBBixi moBHiecKHXi cbih- 
xobi, oco6eHHO mt, b% Komoptixi ynompe6.ieBH ^eyx- 
cjoacHBie inaKniM, aanp.: a no H.BtniHKaM'B xo^Hja; hjh 
bo caay jh, bi oropo^t h np. ITo KpafiHeft Mtpt, ocho- 
BaHie ohmx-b npaBHJBHO. BnpoHejrt, ecjn6i h pt^Ko 
Bcmp'EiajHCb Bt HHXt maKie npaBHJBHBie cnmxH, mo Bee 
o^HaKoajt cero aobojbho kt, moaiy, hhio6bi npHHamB hxi 
vh yBaaceaie wb ceMi omHOUieBM. Echib flpyroft pOffB 
ntceHi, Ha3BiBaeMBrxB y npocraojioAHHOBB nponuuKHBism, 
hjh 3ayHi»iBHMMH; mania ntCHH 6o.iBiueK> Hacmiio He npa- 
BHJBHBi; hoo MoacHO jh co6jH)cniH npaBH.iBHOcniB pa3M*pa 
masfB, r^t oaaa rjacHaa lacmo npomantBaemca na #Ba 
nraKina h 4a*e 6oj£e, h r^t citfl. npu Ba'iamiH HOBaro 
Kyiuema mojkbo Ha mo Mtcmo nocmaBHmB h'bxkojbko 
cjobt>? H He y^HBHme.iBHO jh mo, imo h b* chxi Htc- 
Haxi /sysiajH HafimH npaBH.iBHOcmi. pa3M*pa, HenpHHHMaa 
bi yBaateHie My3BiKH ohbixb? Ki KaKusn. aecnpaBe^jH- 
BbiMt no.ioa;eHiflMi arao ^ojkho 6bijo npHBecmH H3Bi- 
cKaraejefl, noHamHO BcaKOMy. 

(2). HtMenKie TpaMMarnHKH cmaparomca 83* c.iobi 
cBoero a3Bina cfl'fcaaini ckojbko HH6yjB noHamnBisit £Ja 
HaHHHaioupixi H3ynamB TpeMecKiH a3tiKt onuaqie kojh- 
necniBa h o6biKHOBeHHaro y^jpeBia bi o^bom-b a mosii 



D 2 

ae ciob*. Borai namaHjiiitrS BymMaHowB o6pa3HHKt 
J maKoro ofiiacHeHia b* npoH3HoiueHia cjobi: ocvGpoojto^ 
\ h Scoxpcetvps. «Bi (mob* avdpcortcx^ roBopHnra ohi, y/(a- 
paftrae Ha nepsufi ciora, ho BmopBia B&iroBapHBainie 
npomaatHo, xaxs uu moxe Afcjraem b* HtMeoxoirB, 
Hanp. bi A ltrater, A lmosen. » ^aj-fie «hjho6 , b bmtobo- 
pHrnL Scoxpccnp? cpaBHHme cie cjobo ci chmh mpeifx 
HtMenKHMM o4hocjo»hhmh so hat erj cpe^Hee xpaniKO, 
ho HMterat y^apeme h np. » 

(3). HHor4a Bcinjp-Eiaemcfl maxim, cocmomqift H3i 
DflHHxi. HemBepmbm, Hanp. 7 BHprujia: 



Georg. 1. 597. Tennia | nee la | nae cet. 
Aen. V. 432. Genua la | bant cet 

/(aste h aHanecmi (f y f) EMtcmo /jaKmiua: 

Georg. 1. 482. Fluvio | rum rex | Eridanus cet 

Ho ma h flpyraa cmona BectMa bi ceMi enrax* ptfl- 
km, h HHKor^a He Bcraptiaioraca, ckojbko h 3Haio, ne bi 
uepBOMi> Mtcmt ; nepBaH, Btpoamno, no HSB-fccmHUMT. 
mpedoBauHHi u,e3ypw, Koiuopan pa34tJHemi craony Ha 
£b* no.ioBHBBij BmopaH nomojiy, «uno ci yriompefaeHiejni 
ohoh pumMoci cero cmiixa jerKo r 6i.i cMtmajca ct pHm- 
mocomt. HH6H^ecKaro. Bnpoiean.. amo jwoe mime, mo- 
«emi 6unu, ecmi sratHifl ocHOBamciiHtiiuiiH h .ryiniifl. 
Ho menept bi pynaxs mohx-b Htmi. BMcaKHXt conuHenia 
o ceiu-b npeflMeint. 



i 



5 

(4). Xonia a mo/Kho ayMantt, imo neoHt 1-9 (— u u ») 

lamaem 6bm& maKHMt o6pa30iui: i -j ^ ^; ho Be jb3jj 
ki ceuj tmeHiio npHBO^umi, aanp. AHnui6aKxLa (f J. i). 

s 

Ciors flojrii h Kpamiufi npoH3Hecnuj, Kara f £ Jj AtJo, 

no BHAHHOHy, He B03M0IKH0e. 

(5). y Haci. maiUHi om^HAtai on» pmnsioca, hckjio- ! 
laa Kpamtdx Hy3i.iKajiBHbia niecw. Y flpeBHHXi maKmi u ; 
pHiiiMoct hum BMtr.rat. H maKi y mors ci nepeMtHoio , 
puniMoca cjt^OBamejaHO nepeMtHajca h maKmi, xoma 
Bt o^uoA h moii ase meet; om* cero-nio nunemHti 6mjh 
yciuifl HtKoraoptixt yneHUXt My3MKaHiuoB* no^BecniH 
HtKOjuoptM ApeBHiH niecbi m% e£HHcmBy maKma. * 9mo 
3aMtmHo aaace h b* hxt> BepcH«x>HKau,iH. TaKi Hanp. 
Ka»^bifi H3i 2-xi nepBBixi cmHXOBi Ca<DHiecKOH oati 
npe#cmaB.jaeimb KaKi 6m oahh* maKm*. ecu cuorap-BraB 
na e/piHcmBO cocmaBHtixt Hacmefi: cmuxa, KaKi cih onpe- 
a*.iaiomca TpaMManiHKaMH. Y Hacs maKms He nepeMt- 
naemca, xoma 6bi paraMoc* nepeji'EHH.ica. Om* cero 
KaKi nacmo CHJia Homti npornHBoptiami. CHjt maKma! 
Hmo 6bi catjaxi Haira My3BiKaHmx. Koraa 6bi noKa3ajut 
eay maKofi paa* maKmoBt (najHMfiaKxieBi): 

I'lliiiiiiilxii 

MoatHo ayMami, ™° °h* pa3atJH.i:b 6bi ax* mam: 

liliiiliiiliiiliii 

9.al4a4l4.&ala44.J4»4 

JlerKO H3t maKoro pa3A*jeHia npeacmaBHniB ce6% 
npomHBop-Eiie maKma h pumMoca. flpto Hemsepmu cjh- 

Cm. Hist, dc la Musiqae par C. Kalkbrenncr. T. I. p 99. 



j Batomcfl bt. osay Homy, steady mtM* Ram maKint hxi 
\pa3Atjaerai.! Cauua yM* He flonycKaem* manoro neco- 
r-iacLa, Komopoe Heo6xo4HJ«o 40JXH0 BJipoiejnt o6Hapy- 
auunbca h npH qaMOMt Buno.meHiH. H6o ecjiH o/pay no- 
loBHBy (-|) B03MeMi bi Haiaj* maKma, pa34tJHBi ee Ha 
4et qentBepnui (|- ^), mo cnia hik yflapi 6y4enre Ha 
nepBoii. Ecjhjkb paB^tJUMi cm flB* HemBepmK sa 2 
maKma, KaKi b* Bbimenpe^cmaBjeHHofi ^Hpyp-B ^ | p ch- 
ja 6y^emi Ha Bmopofi. nepsaa ase cobcbmi noinepaemi, 
ee. Hmo Moacemi. 6unn, omyniHme.ibH'Ee cero nponuBO- 
ptiia! He noKa3treaemi jb oho, ?mo Rait* 6y4mo 4Ba 
pa3Htixi .iHua yiacmBOBaJH bi cocniaBjemH niecbi, mi, 
kohx-b o^Hosiy npeflocmaBAeHt 6bWb mpy4B coiHHHinb 
My3tiKy, a ^pyrojay 03HaiHnib maKmbi. Ho ^pnycmHBt cie, 
He JB3H He cor.iacHHiBCH, imo nama My3biKa em,e ne Ha 
cmo.ib bmcokoh cmeneHH coBepmeHcniBa. H ^ocmamoHHO 
ora ki coBepineHcmBy ohoh 3a6onmniBca 06% 041108 ihoabko 
BeineciHBeHHou cmopoHt en, m. e. o SByKaxt, a pHmMoci, 
m. e. AyxoBHyto en cmopoHy, ocmaB-iamb cobcem'b bi hc- 
1 6pe«e«iu? Hmo 3ByKH MamepiajbHM, 40Ka3biBaemca npji- 
I MtpoMi aaiBomHtixi, Ha kohxi ohh maK^e HMttoim, 
jBJiBHie, h mtMifr, hhio ci nepeMtnoio pHmsioca, ohh me- 
.jipaionrb HSBtcniHoe fliftcmBie *. $yma My3HKH ecim 
pHinMOCv, h noraoMy coBepmeHcmBO My3biKajbHbnFB npo- 
H3Be4eHift 40J/KH0 cocuioamb bi coBepmeHHOMt cor.iaciH 
OHaro co 3ByKaMU. KaKi 6m hh 6m m npeRpacHO mt-io, 
He .ibia noHamb Kpacomw ero, ecJH ono minero He bbi- 
paaaemi: Htrai Kpacomw 6e3* Bbipa«ema nymn. Toase 
hoxho cK33amb o pHinMocB, Komopbiii ecmb 4yma Mpu- 
kh. H maKi noHamHO xejaaie Boccia, imo6bi maKiuw 

" EciH Hanp, npH oj.hh,ikhx-e ssyKaxi oopamame iO.iJKailmi/i 
Honibi bi> KpanmafiiuiH, h ofipainHo. 



6hxk npHHflmwBi HOBtHHiyio My3Micy ci hcbmh ace yaio- 
BiaMH, cb KaKHMH ohh 6biAU npHHflmsi bi flpesHefi, Hasp, 
flaate HeiemHtie Kposit mpofiearo. h qmo6bi crfc40Baine.ib- 
ho bj. npo^ojaaniejLHi.ix'E My3biKa.ibHbiX'b mecaxi maunr* 
H3MtHHJCH no lrspl H3MliHeHifi pHraMoca. Moxemt 6himt, 
MHorie 4HienJinaHinw B03Hero4yionrb Ha mo, into rpaac- 
luainHKi no3BOJHJL , B ce6t 34tcb roBopHini o cym- 
Hocnm My3biKH. nponntB-B maKHxi a. npHKporo ce6a aBrao- 
pHmemoicB Boccia, Komoparo 34*06 o6iacHgio, h Komo- 
ptifl, 6%3-b coMHtBia, zmm My3HKy jyirae MHoraxi 411- 
jiemmaHinoBi. IIo KpafiHeS Mtpt aiaBHbift. Pycco HMto 
o HeMi BBicoKoe MHtme h BecBua yBaxmnejibHoe o ny< 
3WKt 4peBHefi, na Koraopyio oh-b CMorap-B.it ci jnoft ate 
craopoHn flyxoBHoft, ci KomopoH h Boccift. H6o niaKoe 

3aKJH0ieHie HeC0MH"BHH0 40XKH0 BMBecmH H3t cjrfcAyio- 

os,uxt, mobi ero: «La plupart de ces sentiments)) roco- 
pwii'B oh* o6* yHH<niwHrae.iBH£iX'B MHtniaxi, rocno4cmso- 
BaBuiHX'B bi ero BpesiH Ha cienrb ^peBHeft My3MKH «sont 
fondes sur la persuasion ou nous sommes de l'excellence 
de notre Musique, et sur le mepris, que nous avons 
pour celle des Anciens. Mais ce mepris est-il lui meme 
aussi bien fonde que nous le pretendons? C'est ce qui a 
ete examine bien de fois, et qui tu l'obscurite de la 
matiere et l'insuffisance des juges, auroit grand besoin 
de Fetre mieux. De tous ceux qui se sont meles jusqu' 
ici de cet axamen, Vossius, dans son Traite de virihus 
cctntus et rh/thmi, paroft etre celui, qui a le mieux 
discute la question et le plus approche de la yerite. 
Jai jelte la-dessus quelques idees dans un autre ecrit 
non publie encore h np. ripH3HaK>cb, imo cie saMtianie 
o My3BiKt 4peBuefl cjhihkom'b, Moacemi 6bimb, nepeciny- 
naemb npe4tju>i oobiKHoaeHHaro saMtiaHia. Moe xejaHje 
6buo noKa3arab, Hmo My3MKa flpeBHUxt HMteiirb BecbMa 



SHaiUBiuiiMXi no AapoBaBiAMi h yieHocnui 3amHmHH- 

KOKB *. ;. ' ■- 

•■ >.. n '- ■ >' ' ".t ■ - • ; *; 

(6). 3a*cb .a npeHMymecniBeHHO pa3yirfcH> 11041 cam 
cjobomb Be HOBtftinyw ycoBepineHcmBOBaHSyio My3Brcy, 
bo nepBo6MinuyK) > Komopaa BHymeHa Hapofly caiioio apa- 
P04010, My3WKy, 01m Komopoa a ycoBepmeflcmsoBaHHait, 
BtpoxniHo, ^oxatHa 6tua nojyHHniB B-iiame. 

(7). 3#BCB MH-B B03pa3Hmt CBXiaOHHeCKOH BepCHOH- 

Kania, Hanp. 4>paBuy3CK0H. TaKHXB «. nponiy manace 06- 
pamHoiBCB kb Bapd^HbiM-b ntcHAJTb, h ae coMHtBaiocB, 
HinooM maKoe H3CJt/(OBaBie He flajo oatn^aeMtixt 3a- 

KJUO^eHlH. 

(8). 34*cb o^HaKoacB ecmB HCK.u©ieHie fljfl yaapema 
noc.it^Haro maKina, Komopoe necoMHtHHO Moasemt co- 
o6upiniB cjiory npomajKeHie. Ho aino ecmB cbohciiibo wy- 
3bixh, no Koeiay nocr&4Ha.a aoma bcskoh My3BiKajtHoa niecbi 
HM-feemi npoH3BOJtHoe, hjh cnpaBeflJHB'te, 6e3KOHeiHoe 
npoflojaceaie. 

(9). 34tcB cKascy idoabko mo, «nno ecui bb flByxi 
cmaxaxi hhcjo flByxciojKBBiXB maKmOBB ecmB aeienraoe, 
mo obh cocmaB/miB 04HHB chihxb, 3aKJJoiaioayH bb cefrfc 
nemuoe hhcjo HemBipexcjKWKHBiXB maumoBB. Bnpoieai'B, 
amo MoatHO c4*.ianiB mojBKO morfla, Korfla He npenani- 
cmByioinB cewy ycioBUi npo3aaiecKaro yflapeniH. 

(10). ITpe^cmaBbme ceo* u/fc.ioe coiaaeHie, aanacaHHoe 
inaKHMH cmHxaMH, Hani c&%ji,y\owj&: 

" Ecmt h iipomuBiiuKH. Cm. BkiuieyuoMaHjrnoe coihh. Ra.lbK- 
CpcHHepa. T. I. cmp. 206 u cJtA. Ho kskx He iioacaj-tmt, 
lino Pycco He oCHap^^u.ii, cbohx-l MHtnifi o ceM* npejMc- 

mt. 



Crapauitfyio [ ouniBy na[poAOBi o|cmaBHJH j CBtm.iue | 6oth 

B* Komopom Bcasjfi mainni HaHHHaeincH noAJHHHBrai 
y/ppeaiem, a noBmopaacB 6e3npecmaHHo 41a cjyxa, npo- 
H3Bo^arai ymojueaie h cayny. IlycmB caaacymi 6e3npa- 
cmpacmHO, mojkhojh cuiojt o?eBH£Hoe o/(Hoo6pa3ie maa- 
moB-b bi crnax* cent npeflnoiHinaniB npeKpacHOMy a 
npianmoMy p,is. ciyxa pa3Hoo6pa3ito raaKmoBt b$ 
cmaxaxi, uo&o6KbiXb npHBe^eHHtmi Ha cmp. 20. Cmo- 
Hmt 6pocHmB B3rj*a> Ha nrfc h flpyria , imoStr 
yBH^tmb, im6 pa3Hoo6pa3Hte, h npoiecms u mt a 
Apyria, "nno6bi ptummb, <nno npianwEe. 

. (11) 34tcB ae JIL3H He ynoMjraymB atKomopBixi 
3anipy4HeHiaxi, Komopwa Morymi Bcmp'traHmLca npa 
o6Y*zuw 4-tnieH no cefi meopia. 

1) CjyMamtca 110x6011, irao AHina, Ha3Haiaa maiunii 
o6pa30Mt no/tJHHHtia y^apema, nocmaBHini hx* 2 cpaay, 
pa3yMtemca, ae 6e3i flocmaraoTHaro ocnoBaaia, Hanp. 



y*eJb me6* mo ue ii3B < scniHO 

jnorfla Became nocmynanu no npasajiy, m. e. c% aa«- 
fltmi y^apeHieMi 03Haiami> maaniBi, ra. 0. cmaxi nojy- 
HHmt cat^yioinjia bh/ib: 



111 1 

uululwu o I w o 



Ilpa maKOHi pa3fltJeHiH momiaci BHflHO, irao npa- 
BHAHOcmB cnmxa Hapymaemca b* cpe^uat OHaro om^*- 



8 

jemem H3i o^hoto ciora ^ u csTtmeHieut Heienraaro. 
maxma ci lemmam. x imo6bi flami. cnuoxy npaBiuuEiyio 
<bopKy, floJDKHO BenpeHtHEO oflHO H3i 2-xt cmoamjsxt 
cpjjfly yflapemft yHHimoxHinB. Komopoeatb hmchho? ^ia 
cero H3i npcnnci cnmxoBi aojikho y3Hamt: ki KaKouy 
po^y maKfflOBi npHHa^ie^ami maKnra cniHxa cero. m. e. 
ki poAy lemmixv hjh HeieniHLixi. Ecih* ki poay 
nepntixi., mo ymranoxHsra 2-e H3i flByxi cmojnuHx* 
cp«Ay yAapeaifl: 






h nomoan,: 



'ecuiiKi Ki po^y HenemHtixi , ymiraosHM'B 1-e. 

/ i / 

o j o u u I u u ulu u 

H inaKt ceft chihxi. sioatenra foiim iHrnaeMt flBOflKaurb 
o6pa30Mi. H no^jHHHO ohx noflxo^Hins KaKi ki ^Byc.io- 
jKHhiMt, maKi h n% mpexcjoaiHtisw. maKmaM'b. 

Bo3MeM* 4.ia npHM-fcpa eui,e cmaxt: TttMz 6ojnme 
npaeuMCn. mu eu. IIo-ioacuM*, Hino ahim Ha3HaiHini 
y^apeaiH in. o. 

TfcMii 6o.ii>uie HpanHMca Mbi e&. 
C.it4. 4tJHniB no npaBHjy oh* 6y4enii mam: 



Ec.im kx HemiiMMi maKinaMi npuHaA-ieaumi cmnxt cefi, 

KomopbiS iiiik3kt> He Moa^emi Ha3i>isanibca manniOMV. 1160 
maKirvb iiat. o.uioro cjora 6nnn ho MO/Kem-b, HcKJio'iaa b-l 
nocj-fc^HeM-i Mtcrat. Ho h mami OHt ciumaemcA pamttiw* 
iipeAtHAjiUHMi,. Cm. cmp. SI, 



9 

mo yHHimojKHMi. o,py idojbko mpeintio rpam u 3a Reg 
cj-fc/jyiomee yflapeme: 

u|uu|ouuu|u 

HepsijA c-ior* jhhihiiich y^apeHixr bi ceaii pa3Mtp-t, nan* 

BBOflHBlfl. *; 

EcjHjati k% HeieraHtnwi, mo yBHimoauuti 4Bt Kpafiuk 
rpaHH, h morfld cmnxi noayqumt cjt^. BH41: 

» » > ■ ■ 

uuuluoul'uu 

JIpaBiuo, H3t npe4%H4ym,HXi BBimeicaiomee, ecuit mo, 
wo ne MOOKerrfs Sbimh es odnoMt nuatmn deyx* uxu 
6ojme pdapemu. JIo cejuf odno moMKO ocmaemcn, npo- 
rix ynuimoDKaiomcji. Bomi em,e npujitpt, Kor^a mo- 
rym-b 6tirat noonaBACHti h 3 yflapeHia cpa^y. 



Ha bmco | mt | mu | hoboh | ciabu. 

OcmaBHBi 6e3i BHUManix mpexc.io;KHuii aHaKpy3HC&, 
momiacB yBH^HM-b. <uno 4.1a npaBHjiHofi <nopMti cnrnxa 
40j*ho yHHimoacHmB hio.ii.ko Braopyro rpaHB h 3a Heft 
cttayiomee yflapeme, h nomoMS nocmynauiB no cKa3an- 
HBiMt npaBH.iaMi. 

Ho Bet ciu 3ampyAHeHia Morymi BcmptmnniEca ihojib- 
ko A*niaM%. A. KaKt meopiu cnrnxomBopcmsa ooyqaiomcH 
bs ceM* B03pacm i E, mo cie 3aiwtHaHie a noiejt He 06x0- 
flHsiiort. 

(12). Ona BnponeHi ae cobc-bmi npaBH.ii.Ha; boaboah 
chihxh no^i My3MKy, jcento mo*ho ycMomptmi., imo 



Bee* nepBtrii maKini u |- Bmoparo bi My3tncE cyan. JHuraie. 
Moasenra 6himh, H34ame.11. npn cesii co6pamn Be Bcer^a 3a- 
6onnuca noBtpaniii ciOBa My3MKOK>; urn, Moaemi 6&ani, 
cia HenpaBUAHocnu npoH3ouua maKHMi o6pa30HK lacmp 
Dpocmoiio/iHBBi, npeav^c Heate as , HaiHymi KaKyio hh6j4b 
ntcmo, Atiawmi HtKomoptie npieMti roiocoMt, qjno y 
hhxx Ha3MBaemcH 3armeamh, hjh aammueamh, a cie-mo, 
Moacemi 6i>un&, 3an-tBaflte Bupa3Hjra uy3i>iKaHmi bi m- 
najBHHXi inaKmaxi h coeflHHHJEt BMUcnft a irfccmro. 
BnpoHeMt, arao hh ckojlko Be M-Bmaemi HafimH Hacraoa- 
njifi pa3SfBpi. ntcHH; a npomy JrofionbiniHaro HHmaraeja 
noBtpHmL Mena. 

(13). Ec.ra coeflHHHini. 4Ba cmHxa H3BtcmHOH 6aj«4w 
B. A. JKyKOBCKaro Bt oahbs, Hanp. 

HaAt ntHHcmtiMi /jHBnpoM&-pl;KOH, Ha A* cmpauiHOio 

CflipeMHHHOH 

mo bh^ho, >raio cefl cmnxt cmojBKO«t nojOHi, Kaics 
h AjeKcaHflpiftcKift. H oflHaKoscs Mnorie ymBepasflaromi, 
BepsBift cronxt, no KpamKocmH CBoeft, roAmnca 
lb flJ* 6aj.iaAti , a 0111HJ04B He p,xa repo- 
HiecKoft noeMM. EcniB ein,e, ecni He ouiH6aiocB, 3acma- 
p-BJioe MHtHie, vao crnHxi Sojte uiecniH cmoni co4ep- 
acaniB He MoatemB. OnmyAa maKoe. MHtHie y Haci ynraep- 
4HJ0CB, He 3Hara. H60 yieme ApeBHHXi coBepmeHHO ceMy 
nporaHBoptinrai, ieMy hch'Bhiiihm'b 40Ka3ajne.iBcinBOMi 
Morynn c.iyasHini. hxi mufiHiecKie cjhhxh. 



oiiiiiitka: 
Ha cmpan. 14 B* cmpoKt 13 BMtcmo: emopoe 6ojuutoe t inra. 
tmpoe 6oJumee.